Urban regeneration. Benefits of nature-based solutions

  • Katia Perini University of Genova (Italy)
  • Francesca Mosca University of Genova (Italy)
  • Andrea Giachetta University of Genova (Italy)
Keywords: nature-based solutions, urban regeneration, well-being, heat island, resilience

Abstract

Today’s urban environment features several critical issues related to what in Italy is called ‘cementification’: among the main ones, the phenomenon of heat islands, the cause of several problems related to citizens’ health, especially for the weaker population groups such as children and elderly people. This paper presents the results of a research focused on identifying a combination of nature-based solutions, offering good benefits both from the point of view of improving microclimate comfort and from the point of view of psychological comfort for the people who will use the regenerated areas.

Author Biographies

Katia Perini, University of Genova (Italy)

She is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Architecture and Design Department, with research interests in nature-based solutions and integration of green in architecture.
E-mail: katia.perini@unige.it

Francesca Mosca, University of Genova (Italy)

Architect and Research Fellow at the Department of Architecture and Design. She is interested in the environmental sustainability of architectural design, nature-based solutions and interaction between man and natural elements in urban regeneration interventions.
E-mail: moscafrancesca2@gmail.com

Andrea Giachetta, University of Genova (Italy)

He is an Associate Professor of Technology of Architecture at the Architecture and Design Department; he is involved in research in the field of sustainable technologies for architecture.
E-mail: andrea.giachetta@unige.it

References

Abdi, B., Hami, A. and Zarehaghi, D. (2020), “Impact of small-scale tree planting patterns on outdoor cooling and thermal comfort”, in Sustainable Cities and Society, vol. 56, 102085, pp. 1-12. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2020.102085 [Accessed 23 April 2021].

Beatley, T. (2011), Biophilic Cities, Integrating Nature into Urban Design and Planning, Island Press, Washington.

De Capua, A. and Errante, L. (2019), “Interpretare lo spazio pubblico come medium dell’abitare urbano | Interpreting public space as a medium for urban liveability”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 6, pp. 148-161. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/6142019 [Accessed 23 March 2021].

EEA – European Environment Agency (2019), The European Environment – State and outlook 2020 – Knowledge for transition to a sustainable Europe, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. [Online] Available at: eea.europa.eu/publications/soer-2020 [Accessed 17 April 2021].

Morabito, M., Crisci, A., Gioli, B., Gualtieri, G., Toscano, P., Di Stefano, V., Orlandini, S. and Gensini, G. F. (2015), “Urban-hazard risk analysis – Mapping of heat-related risks in the elderly in major Italian cities”, in PLoS one, vol. 10, issue 5, e0127277, pp. 1-18. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127277 [Accessed 15 March 2021].

Neonato, F., Tomasinelli, F. and Colaninno, B. (2019), Oro Verde – Quanto vale la natura in città, Il Verde Editoriale Milano.

Palla, A. and Gnecco, I. (2018), “Green Roofs to Improve Water Management”, in Pèrez, G. and Perini, K. (eds), Nature Based Strategies for Urban and Building Sustainability, Butterworth-Heinemann, pp. 203-213. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-812150-4.00019-7 [Accessed 15 April 2021].

Pérez, G. and Perini, K. (eds) (2018), Nature based strategies for urban and building sustainability, Butterworth-Heinemann. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/C2016-0-03181-9 [Accessed 25 March 2021].

Perini, K. (2013), Progettare il verde in città – Una strategia per l’architettura sostenibile, FrancoAngeli, Milano.

Polo-Labarrios, M. A., Quezada-García, S., Sánchez-Mora, H., Escobedo-Izquierdo, M. A. and Espinosa-Paredes, G. (2020), “Comparison of thermal performance between green roofs and conventional roofs”, in Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, vol. 21, 100697. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2020.100697 [Accessed 25 March 2021].

Scudo, G. and Ochoa De La Torre, J. M. (2003), Spazi verdi urbani – La vegetazione come strumento di progetto per il comfort ambientale negli spazi abitati, Esselibri-Simone, Napoli.

Taha, H. (1997), “Urban climates and heat islands – Albedo, evapotranspiration, and anthropogenic heat”, in Energy and Buildings, vol. 25, issue 2, pp. 99-103. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7788(96)00999-1 [Accessed 23 April 2021].

Thomsit-Ireland, F., Essah, E. A., Hadley, P. and Blanuša, T. (2020), “The impact of green facades and vegetative cover on the temperature and relative humidity within model buildings”, in Building and Environment, vol. 181, 107009. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2020.107009 [Accessed 23 March 2021].

Williams, F. (2017), The nature fix – Why Nature Makes us Happier, Healthier, and more Creative, W. W. Norton & Company, New York.

Yin, J., Yuan, J., Arfaei, N., Catalano, P. J., Allen, J. G. and Spengler, J. D. (2020), “Effects of biophilic indoor environment on stress and anxiety recovery – A between-subjects experiment in virtual reality” in Environment International, vol. 136, article 105427, pp. 1-10. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.105427 [Accessed 14 April 2021].

Plans of the current state and intervention scenarios with the introduction of trees and wooden canopies with climbing vegetation for points A, B, C (credit: F. Mosca, 2021). AGATHÓN 09 | 2021
Published
2021-06-22
How to Cite
Perini, K., Mosca, F. and Giachetta, A. (2021) “Urban regeneration. Benefits of nature-based solutions”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 9(online), pp. 166-173. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/9162021.
Section
Architecture | Research & Experimentation
Share |