AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design <p><strong>AGATHÓN</strong> is an <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Open Access</span> Scientific International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, a half-year tool for information and critical training; it aims to contribute to the growth and dissemination of knowledge in the themes covered by Architecture, Engineering, Art and (product and visual) Design. Therefore, the Journal represents a scientific place where Authors, who have carried out original research, can find an opportunity to spread their contributions. Each issue of the Journal includes essays and research works on a specific theme, unpublished works and not submitted for publication with other publishers.<br />The Journal, through its internal Board, promotes and monitors the double-blind peer review process as a method of selecting articles, providing a mandatory form for reporting. The contributions will be published in English and Italian language so that they can be placed in the widest range of the international scientific communities. The founding principles of the Journal are originality/innovation, the relevance of the investigated topic for the advancement of knowledge, the knowledge and ability to use literature, methodological rigour, the content clarity and presentation style, the impact on the scientific community, but also the easy accessibility and the wide diffusion of the articles; furthermore, the Journal is open to speculative empirical and descriptive research, about phenomena that present new characters, at least for certain important features.</p> <p><strong>SECTIONS OF THE JOURNAL </strong>| Published articles are inserted in one of the following sections:<br />"Focus" (by invitation for well-known Authors and/or experts in the subject)<br />"Architecture" (architectural and interior design, urban planning, engineering, technology, history, recovery, restoration, exhibition and museum design, representation)<br />"Art" (modern and contemporary)<br />"Design" (for industry, crafts and communication)<br />and are classified into the following categories: "Essays &amp; Viewpoint", "Research &amp; Experimentation", "Review Articles" or "Dialogues".</p> <p>AGATHÓN publishes, both electronically and in print, two issues per year, in June and December. The first issue was published in June 2017 and since then the programmed issues have been produced regularly.</p> <p class="p1">To encourage the publication of contributions by Authors with primary affiliation to Universities and Research Institutions in countries defined by the World Bank as <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">low-income and lower-middle income economies</a>, AGATHÓN selects a maximum of two Authors to publish their contributions <span class="s1">for free</span>, subject to the positive outcome of the double-blind peer-review process.</p> Palermo University Press – New Digital Frontiers Srl (Publisher) | DEMETRA Ce.Ri.Med. (Promoter) en-US AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design 2464-9309 <p>This Journal is published under&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0</a>&nbsp;(CC-BY).<br><br><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src=""></a><br><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">License scheme</a>&nbsp;|&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Legal code</a><br><br><span style="text-decoration: underline;">This License allows anyone to</span>:<br>Share: copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.<br>Adapt: remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.<br><br><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Under the following terms</span><br>Attribution: Users must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made; users may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses them or their use.<br>No additional restrictions: Users may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.<br><br><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Notices</span><br>Users do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.<br>No warranties are given. The license may not give users all of the permissions necessary for their intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.</p> Ecological and digital transition. Systemic Design in SMEs open innovation processes <p>A systemic and collaborative approach is required to facilitate European Small and Medium-sized Enterprises’ ecological and digital transition, able to frame issues within the complexity of the relationships and interconnections that characterise them. In light of this, the paper aims to investigate how the approach and methods of Systemic Design support an ‘open innovation’ process in industrial and interdisciplinary environments. The DigiCirc European project represents the reference case study, offering a space to test the challenges found in the literature with data collected in the field, emphasising the contribution made by the researchers in Systemic Design of the Politecnico di Torino, both as project partners in the ‘open innovation’ process and through activities supporting the start-ups and SMEs involved. The article is mainly geared toward scholars and design practitioners concerned with ‘open innovation’, and ecological and digital transition within socio-technical systems and in industrial and interdisciplinary environments.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 20/03/2023; Revised: 29/04/2023; Accepted: 08/05/2023</p> Silvia Barbero Eliana Ferrulli Copyright (c) 2023 Silvia Barbero, Eliana Ferrulli 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 269 280 10.19229/2464-9309/13232023 Mapping design-driven processes for the regeneration of small fortified towns in inland areas <p>The contribution aims to focus on and deal with a methodology of mapping, typifying and cataloguing selected design interventions based on the impacts that the various design disciplines are or have been able to induce at different scales of action in the contexts of small fortified towns, constituting the primary settlement cores of the so-called inland areas. The main keys of research, filing and reading chosen for mapping allow the infographic schematisation of study in a Cartesian diagram based on two primary axes. The taxonomy, developed and adopted by the Design Research Unit of the University of San Marino, identifies, distributes and classifies numerous case studies according to two essential relational variables between human beings, communities and places: the time of permanence and the level of interaction and involvement with the areas.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 27/03/2023; Revised: 27/04/2023; Accepted: 08/05/2023</p> Massimo Brignoni Giorgio Dall’Osso Silvia Gasparotto Riccardo Varini Copyright (c) 2023 Massimo Brignoni, Giorgio Dall’Osso, Silvia Gasparotto, Riccardo Varini 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 281 290 10.19229/2464-9309/13242023 Urban forests management. Design-driven technological routes for wood waste valuing <p>Urban forestry is fundamental to cities’ quality of life and resilience and deserves an effort in planning, management and expansion. This article aims to analyse and systematise technological routes to indicate potential uses of urban tree residues, focusing on the research, teaching and extension activities of the University of São Paulo, Brazil. The methodological procedures consist of: 1) review of related literature; 2) identification and classification of species; 3) analysis of tree management procedures; 4) implementation of experimental projective and productive processes and; 5) conducting capacity building and technology transfer workshops. The results present a mapping of the technological routes indicating a transition to a more sustainable production model for this urban natural capital.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 27/03/2023; Revised: 11/05/2023; Accepted: 19/05/2023</p> Cyntia Santos Malaguti de Sousa Tomás Queiroz Ferreira Barata Caio Dutra Profirio de Souza Felipe Gustavo de Melo Copyright (c) 2023 Cyntia Santos Malaguti de Sousa, Tomás Queiroz Ferreira Barata, Caio Dutra Profirio de Souza, Felipe Gustavo de Melo 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 291 300 10.19229/2464-9309/13252023 Design and ecological thinking. The new narratives of contemporary design placing Earth on centre stage <p>Transcending design as a blueprint (of an object) to enter the realm of inquiry in an era of climatic and social instability, incorporating knowledge and observing and revealing the phenomena around us from a design perspective: these are all themes addressed by this paper in an attempt to reknit the frayed threads of a discipline frequently called upon to speak of the ecological transition. Recalling Buckminster Fuller, who promoted a practice of design based on rigorous analysis and transparency between both material and user, the design approach of Studio Formafantasma in recent years has been adopted as a paradigm in an alternative to the status quo. With their experimentation, research and, above all, questions, the studio attempts to imagine different futures by revealing the limits of the mannerist creativity embedded in a certain way of thinking about design. In this way, the studio with a documentary-like flair produces information and communication without resigning itself to dominant narratives, nor to the boundaries between species or forms of knowledge.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 14/04/2023; Revised: 21/04/2023; Accepted: 22/05/2023</p> Alessandro Valenti Andrea Trimarchi and Simone Farresin Copyright (c) 2023 Alessandro Valenti, Andrea Trimarchi and Simone Farresin 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 19 30 10.19229/2464-9309/1312023 Making innovative landscapes. Balmori Associates redefining the human-nature relationship for the cities of the future <p>In the context of the current scholarly debate on environmental and ecological emergency, the contribution presents the work of landscape architect Diana Balmori and Balmori Associates, which has emerged as one of the most visionary and innovative in combating climate change and creating more liveable cities. The description of some of the work carried out by the Firm helps illustrate the foundational and representative elements that characterise its design work, but more importantly, the strategies to be deployed in order to successfully respond to current critical environmental issues. Diana Balmori’s work is a rare compendium of interventions grounded in scientific research and capable of silently but steadily influencing our current vision of Landscape Architecture, laying solid foundations for a more liveable, sustainable, equitable and accessible urban space and for the creation of ‘operational’ landscapes that help define a new relationship between the 21st-century city and nature.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 02/05/2023; Revised: 05/05/2023; Accepted: 05/06/2023</p> Javier González-Campaña Noemie Lafaurie-Debany Marta Rabazo Martin Copyright (c) 2023 Javier González-Campaña, Noemie Lafaurie-Debany, Marta Rabazo Martin 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 31 42 10.19229/2464-9309/1322023 Global warming and cities. Increasing vegetation and urban planning between the unfinished and the urban landscape <p>The paper focuses on the relationship between urban planning and global warming mitigation strategies by constructing an argument that, starting from the legacy of the Modern Movement, includes the outcomes of more recent research. The thesis founded on the increase of vegetation in urban areas as an indispensable tool for temperature mitigation emerges as the protagonist from this scientific starting point. In the course of this in-depth study, this proposal finds an experimental verification through some concrete design experiences that combine the environmental objective while taking care of the quality of living spaces. The projects demonstrate how the twofold objective (containment of global warming and quality of living spaces) remains constant regardless of the scales of intervention, testifying to an overall cultural transformation that takes shape from interior architecture to the territory.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 31/01/2023; Revised: 14/03/2023; Accepted: 10/05/2023</p> Andrea Sciascia Copyright (c) 2023 Andrea Sciascia 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 43 56 10.19229/2464-9309/1332023 Landscapes without landscape architects. The ecological beauty of informal urban landscapes <p>Regarding the maintenance of urban green infrastructure, most stakeholders prefer achieving an oversimplified aesthetic archetype of cleanliness and order at the cost of high maintenance, whilst landscape architects try to reproduce islands of near-natural vegetation even where the environmental factors typical of urban areas do not allow it. In the long term, the struggle between these two opposite ways of conceiving the look and the role of green infrastructure appears pointless: in the end, what decides the identity of most urban green infrastructure is the ‘vegetation by use’, that is, the daily people’s use of these spaces (whether accessible). By analysing the aesthetic value, the species composition, and the ecological meaning of the vegetation of some roadside habitats close to the city of Catania (Sicily), the Authors shed light on the possibility of enjoying low-cost, biodiverse and beautiful seasonally green areas.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 30/04/2023; Revised: 07/05/2023; ; Accepted: 08/05/2023<br /><br /></p> Chiara Catalano Thomas E. Hauck Susann Ahn Salvatore Pasta Copyright (c) 2023 Chiara Catalano, Thomas E. Hauck, Susann Ahn, Salvatore Pasta 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 57 66 10.19229/2464-9309/1342023 Solving global challenges locally. Collective housing as a catalyst for ecological transition <p>Confronted with the evidence of climate change, architecture can – and must – play an important role in minimising the harmful consequences of this phenomenon; in this sense, collective housing (especially public housing) is beginning to take its first steps in redefining a new energy paradigm and strategies aimed at responding to the challenge posed by the ecological transition. Three indispensable requirements are thus identified: energy passivity, the use of local materials, and reuse and regeneration, conceived as complementary tools to activate a thorough transformation of the built environment. This goal also requires the complicity of three key factors (or actors) related to the housing sector: the real estate sector, the legislation, and the users.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 18/04/2023; Revised: 23/05/2023; Accepted: 28/05/2023</p> Andrés Cánovas Javier De Andrés Copyright (c) 2023 Andrés Cánovas, Javier De Andrés 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 67 74 10.19229/2464-9309/1352023 Green infrastructure in arid urban contexts. Transitioning ecologies beyond Green Riyadh <p>Green infrastructures play a crucial role in urban transitions by integrating and coordinating the environmental, economic, and social dimensions. This contribution focuses on green infrastructures within urban contexts characterised by an arid climate, particularly in Riyadh as a hologram of the Saudi city. The goal is to outline the current role of green infrastructure between plans and projects, identifying future limits and possibilities through a ‘landscape-based’ approach to green infrastructure. Seven integrated and interacting strategic lines will therefore be identified, which aim to inform the process of implementation of the green infrastructure in a holistic and complex key, opening up to alternative scenarios of ecological transition for the Saudi city.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 18/03/2023; Revised: 29/04/2023; Accepted: 09/05/2023</p> Monica Moscatelli Alessandro Raffa Copyright (c) 2023 Monica Moscatelli, Alessandro Raffa 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 75 86 10.19229/2464-9309/1362023 Architecture, the guardian of nature. The project of the ground within the transformation of urban highways, 1962-2018 <p>An unstoppable shift in the paradigm underlying mankind’s conception of its species’ building modalities is at the root of the interest in embedding greenery in Architecture. The most capable heuristic statute of such a new course is the progressive substitution of Environment for Nature among Design drivers. Within this frame, this paper investigates the hybridisation of greenery and the built environment in the contemporary transformation of large urban highways through a diachronic and comparative approach, referencing international research and expanding its main hypothesis. With this purpose, it reconstructs the hermeneutic reference frame by progressively discussing the theoretical arguments, deepening approaches, and design cases, among which the applicative one elaborated for the transformation of Palermo’s ring road.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 25/03/2023; Revised: 30/04/2023; Accepted: 14/05/2023</p> Zeila Tesoriere Copyright (c) 2023 Zeila Tesoriere 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 87 96 10.19229/2464-9309/1372023 Transcalar project of nature-based solutions for the 2030 Agenda. Innovations and interconnections <p>The essay offers a reinterpretation of nature-based solutions (NbS), viewing them not only as devices for the architectural design of urban space but also as highly efficient and cost-effective solutions capable of competing with other strategies for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals promoted by the 2030 Agenda. The authors emphasise the importance of holistically approaching the NbS project at different scales, seeing the urban fabric as a fertile ground that can accommodate adaptive solutions designed strategically and on a site-specific basis. Moreover, international case studies in this field demonstrate the potential of integrating NbS across various scales for enhancing urban resilience and promoting the preservation of the biosphere, following the Strong Sustainability Model, on which the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 is also based. The discussion highlights the limitations and barriers currently slowing down the widespread application of NbS and proposes innovative solutions to overcome these issues, along with possible research scenarios.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 25/03/2023; Revised: 05/05/2023; Accepted: 16/05/2023</p> Roberta Ingaramo Maicol Negrello Lousineh Khachatourian Saradehi Arin Khachatourian Saradehi Copyright (c) 2023 Roberta Ingaramo, Maicol Negrello, Lousineh Khachatourian Saradehi, Arin Khachatourian Saradehi 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 97 108 10.19229/2464-9309/1382023 The sustainable soul of the past. Learning from the present to regenerate outdated urban spaces <p>There are many open spaces that today no longer connote themselves as community squares, places of sharing and belonging, unsuited to meet current expectations in terms of the psycho-physical well-being of the user and far from the logic of urban ecology. The places to which the contribution refers are often the result of a skilful design culture: they have contributed to the design of cities, to improve degraded areas, but they suffer from a lack of aptitude to project themselves into future transformative dynamics, resulting in spaces removed from the life cycle that their urban function requires today. By analysing the life cycle of these individual urban architectures, made before recent environmental policies, the question emerges as to their actual sustainability and resilience in the temporal progression of their operation. The essay aims to open a reflection on the opportunities for modification of these particular areas by acquiring from the NbS strategies specific and measured types of intervention in a perspective of adaptation in an eco-systemic key that is able to protect the architectural identity found.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 20/03/2023; Revised: 25/04/2023; Accepted: 23/05/2023</p> Antonella Falzetti Giulio Minuto Copyright (c) 2023 Antonella Falzetti, Giulio Minuto 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 109 118 10.19229/2464-9309/1392023 Nature Capital. An ecological transition and open space transformation phenomena <p>As indicated by the UN 2030 Agenda and the new European goals for 2030, Ecological Transition is at the basis of the new development model to reduce polluting emissions, prevent and combat land disruption, minimise the impact of productive activities on the environment and improve the quality of life and environmental security for future generations: on the one hand, orienting an ecological transition towards equity and collective well-being means rethinking the system of relations between man and the natural and built environment and, on the other hand, referring to the construction of social and cultural communities starting from environmental issues and land resources. In light of the above, this paper intends to reflect on the not-always-linear working method of the appropriation and transformation of open space concerning the definition of ‘fourth nature’ and ‘urban nature’ through three emblematic case studies. The aim is to go beyond the strictly anthropocentric view by focusing on the role of nature in the city through a selection, albeit not exhaustive, of innovative approaches to sustainable cities, the fight against climate change and the restoration of ecosystems, in a perspective of multi-species integration and the creation of regenerative ecosystems in the urban environment.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 05/04/2023; Revised: 01/05/2023; Accepted: 16/05/2023</p> Renzo Lecardane Copyright (c) 2023 Renzo Lecardane 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 119 130 10.19229/2464-9309/13102023 Walking into the wild. A transition to a co-evolutionary landscape <p>This research paper attempts to shift the approach and the possible attitudes of architectural and landscape design towards an interpretation of ecological transition based on the dimension of the ‘wild’, that is, on the possibility that the transformation of places by man contemplates other and the most diverse forms of life, spheres of proximity in which human activities give way to third and fourth natures, which develop their own habitats in an autonomous, dynamic and vital manner. In this reflection, thinking about a ‘landscape of the wild’ means thinking again about the relationship between human and natural habitats, which develops on many levels that cannot be reduced and simplified in the impending phenomenon of ‘rewilding’, ranging from the possibility of giving shape to the spaces of nature, of creating new forms of shared spaces between man and living things, to the conception of minimal architectures necessary to stimulate ancient human practices (such as walking) and which are capable of developing new ecologies.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 23/03/2023; Revised: 25/04/2023; Accepted: 08/05/2023</p> Adriano Dessì Copyright (c) 2023 Adriano Dessì 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 131 140 10.19229/2464-9309/13112023 Vertical farm. New architectures and cities from the forms of agriculture <p>The paper investigates the convergence between nature and architecture, analysing the phenomenon of vertical farms as an architectural manifestation of specific contemporary trends. These high-rise buildings are functional for agriculture while also exhibiting sustainability features, such as the reduction of supply chains and land consumption. The issue is articulated through four areas: the origin of the tall building as a symbolic expression and its contemporary evolution; above-ground agriculture in relation to classical macroeconomic categories since the 1700s; and three case studies of experimental vertical farms (Skyfarm, Farmscraper and Farmhouse), interpreted as possible origins of new architectural types. In conclusion, a critical analysis of the potential urban impacts of vertical farms is conducted, based on the concept of the right to food.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 20/03/2023; Revised: 02/05/2023; Accepted: 09/05/2023</p> Sara Basso Adriano Venudo Thomas Bisiani Pierluigi Martorana Copyright (c) 2023 Sara Basso, Adriano Venudo, Thomas Bisiani, Pierluigi Martorana 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 141 152 10.19229/2464-9309/13122023 An ecology of space. Architectural design for transboundary relationships <p>While architectural discussions on ecology focus on technical considerations, a deeper understanding of the notion and its aspects of the inter-relationality between things and beings presents a broader perspective. Ecological architecture could play a central role in shaping the relationships that human beings have with their environment. By identifying the façade as the focal point for cross-border relationships linking interior and exterior spaces, an analysis of historical and contemporary architecture shows how architects have designed transitional spaces to promote these relationships. Such ambiguous spaces are exemplarily found in historic box-type windows, initially intended for thermal insulation. Even these little transitional spaces bear the potential of mediating between inside and out. In this sense, architecture might assume a central ecological role in shaping the relationships humans entertain with their environments.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 20/03/2023; Revised: 09/05/2023; Accepted: 01/06/2023</p> Hisham El-Hitami Mona Mahall Asli Serbest Copyright (c) 2023 Hisham El-Hitami, Mona Mahall, Asli Serbest 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 153 164 10.19229/2464-9309/13132023 Cultural environments with more-than-human perspectives. Prototyping through research and training <p>The paper focuses on several systemic research-by-design case studies relating ecological, technological and social systems with a more-than-human perspective. The complexity of the real requires methods that leverage digital tools and processes proposed to enable the design of more ecological, dynamic, interrelated posthuman environments. We argue that to achieve social justice, we must also reach environmental justice and become in synergy with the planet, with Gaia. This ethos is presented in multiple case studies demonstrating the relationships between designed and existing socio and environmental systems, evaluating whether our actions on the Earth and use of non-renewable resources are sustainably innovative and what this means for more inclusive practice, the academy and our pedagogical foci and design methods.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 19/03/2023; Revised: 05/05/2023; Accepted: 15/05/2023</p> Marie Davidová Shany Barath Susannah Dickinson Copyright (c) 2023 Marie Davidová, Shany Barath, Susannah Dickinson 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 165 178 10.19229/2464-9309/13142023 Digital and circularity in building. KETs for waste management in the European Union <p>The article analyses the potential and limitations of using enabling technologies of the digital transition for construction and demolition waste in construction management (BIM, GIS, Virtual and Augmented Reality, Digital Manufacturing, Blockchain, Internet of Things, Digital Twin, Artificial Intelligence) in the context of the European Union. The study adopts the Scoping Review method to return the outcomes of a scientific literature review since 2016, that is the year of the First European Circular Economy Action Plan and the first Selective Demolition Protocol. The results are classified by geographic origin, year of publication, disciplinary field, number of citations, and content. The overall objective of the contribution is to identify scientifically validated contributions to refine further original lines of research in the relationship between digital technologies and circularity culture in the construction sector.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 20/03/2023; Revised: 08/05/2023; Accepted: 11/05/2023</p> Marina Rigillo Giuliano Galluccio Federica Paragliola Copyright (c) 2023 Marina Rigillo, Giuliano Galluccio, Federica Paragliola 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 247 258 10.19229/2464-9309/13212023 User experience design and sustainability of AI-infused objects <p>AI-infused objects have become an integral part of the daily lives of an increasing number of users. While these objects offer undeniable benefits, they also raise concerns due to their environmental impact. This paper explores the characteristics of these objects and the ecosystem they create, presenting an interpretive model that examines three primary components: physical, digital, and usage. When it comes to ‘sustainability’, Design generally focuses on environmental impacts related to the physical component, while Engineering evaluates the impacts of the digital component. However, these assessments are often disconnected and fail to encompass the impacts associated with usage. The proposed approach seeks to integrate diverse methodologies to elicit the impacts related to the user experience and generate greater awareness already in the design phase.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 04/04/2023; Revised: 02/05/2023; Accepted: 09/05/2023</p> Venanzio Arquilla Alice Paracolli Copyright (c) 2023 Venanzio Arquilla, Alice Paracolli 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 259 268 10.19229/2464-9309/13222023 Reflections and trajectories for interdisciplinary research on the ecological transition <p style="font-weight: 400;">AGATHÓN Volume 13 follows its predecessor on Innovability<sup>©®</sup> | Digital Transition and collects essays and research on Innovability<sup>©®</sup> | Ecological Transition, aware of its pressing relevance, but also of the scope suggested by the proposed dual key of interpretation. The published papers convey several reflections and research trajectories based on the need for a multiscalar nature of interventions, which guarantees effects that are induced to a broader environmental context than the one of reference, and for teams that address critical issues with a holistic and systemic inter- and transdisciplinary collaborative approach, in a sort of speciation of disciplines that modifies their traditional statutes; what emerges then is that the intangible and material tools we can deploy today are numerous also thanks to the possibilities offered by digital technologies in the different design, implementation and management phases of the process.</p> Cesare Sposito Francesca Scalisi Copyright (c) 2023 Cesare Sposito, Francesca Scalisi 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 3 18 10.19229/2464-9309/1302023 Advanced models for the construction of an NbS catalogue for resilience and biodiversity <p>The article illustrates the results of a survey undertaken by the authors within the research activities of the National Biodiversity Center established according to the PNRR objectives, regarding the main cataloguing platforms of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) for urban biodiversity aimed at restoring natural resources, creating resilient ecosystems, and promoting ecosystem benefits in cities. The analysis and comparison of case study catalogue models focused on NbS has led to the development of an organisational structure of metadata for their cataloguing, to be adopted in the Mediterranean context for the processes of urban forestation, nature-based regeneration, and improvement of ecological connectivity between urban, peri-urban, and rural areas.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 20/03/2023; Revised: 27/04/2023; Accepted: 02/05/2023</p> Roberto Bologna Giulio Hasanaj Copyright (c) 2023 Roberto Bologna, Giulio Hasanaj 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 179 190 10.19229/2464-9309/13152023 Sustainable urban development. Organizing information content for the transition to Positive Energy Districts <p>In line with the strategies to promote Positive Energy Districts for a transition to climate-neutral European cities, the contribution reports the outcomes of a research aimed at detecting the enabling factors to incentivize such a transition in the national territory, identifying the role played by the main public and private stakeholders in the different phases. Starting from the study of implementation processes, technological solutions and stakeholder involvement methods that have contributed to the success of virtuous sustainable urban development projects implemented in Italy, the research proposes a systemic approach for the organization of relevant information content capable of supporting Municipalities in identifying potentially replicable good practices, incentivizing them to initiate new urban development processes in Positive Energy Districts.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 20/03/2023; Revised: 11/05/2023; Accepted: 17/05/2023</p> Tiziana Ferrante Federica Romagnoli Teresa Villani Copyright (c) 2023 Tiziana Ferrante, Federica Romagnoli, Teresa Villani 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 191 204 10.19229/2464-9309/13162023 Rural innovation, ecosystem services and urbanisation processes in Liguria, between coastal and inner areas <p>Exploiting environmental resources and urbanisation processes has significantly altered the natural ecosystems over time, turning them into socio-ecological systems strongly affected by anthropic settlements. Spatial planning must therefore aim at new development models able to harmonise the need to preserve the environmental components with the need to reduce the socio-economic inequalities, often linked to inequitable access to ecosystem services. The case study of the Liguria Region is presented, with its marked polarisation between the linear coastal conurbation and inner areas, the areas providing the most significant number of ecosystem services and those with greater population and urbanisation density, which are instead organised as large demand poles. The paper analyses the relationship between environmental values, in terms of ecosystem multifunctionality, and rural innovation forms that support territorial competitiveness. The aim is to explore how a systemic approach can integrate opportunities between the inner and coastal areas, qualifying the valley systems as new elements of the anthropic-environmental structure of the region.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 21/03/2023; Revised: 27/04/2023; Accepted: 05/05/2023</p> Giampiero Lombardini Angela Pilogallo Giorgia Tucci Copyright (c) 2023 Giampiero Lombardini, Angela Pilogallo, Giorgia Tucci 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 205 216 10.19229/2464-9309/13172023 Architecture of urban pavements. Multi-scale and digital methods for an ecological transition <p>The management of large cities’ road infrastructure is increasingly complex, requiring tools and approaches continuously updated; these drive the governance to define specific solutions capable of being adapted to the variety of urban settings, guarantee renewed performance and contribute towards the pursuit of the objectives of environmental sustainability. This article aims to propose a multi-scale and interdisciplinary methodological approach based on digital tools aimed at defining requirements and strategies to promote widespread urban road regeneration. This approach has been applied to the city of Rome: the result is an operative tool to identify solutions to improve the urban quality of public spaces' vehicular, bicycle, and pedestrian street pavement.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 20/03/2023; Revised: 27/04/2023; Accepted: 05/05/2023</p> Spartaco Paris Elisa Pennacchia Carlo Vannini Copyright (c) 2023 Spartaco Paris, Elisa Pennacchia, Carlo Vannini 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 217 226 10.19229/2464-9309/13182023 Product innovation for the ecological transition. Brick and glass recycling <p>In the thematic environment of conscious use and material resource recycling, the Department of Architecture of the Roma Tre University is currently conducting a research line focused on environmental product innovation. This line consists of two application studies involving manufacturing companies in the construction sector. Both types of research address the issue of additives in the mix design of bricks and concrete, respectively, to achieve better-performing products. The results led to the prototyping of two products: a brick, made from waste replacing a fraction of clay with a mixture of bentonite sludge and metal residues, and a concrete screed mix, made from construction and demolition glass waste replacing natural aggregates.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 30/03/2023; Revised: 29/04/2023; Accepted: 08/05/2023</p> Adolfo F. L. Baratta Jacopo Andreotti Luca Trulli Laura Calcagnini Copyright (c) 2023 Adolfo F. L. Baratta, Jacopo Andreotti, Luca Trulli, Laura Calcagnini 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 227 236 10.19229/2464-9309/13192023 Geopolymers for Eco-Architecture. Integrated approaches for green strategies activation <p>The construction industry is responsible for 30% of energy consumption, 40% of CO<sub>2</sub> emissions, and 50% of raw material extraction. Introducing actions to improve the sustainability of induced impacts is urgently necessary, and it is essential to bring about this change by using innovative materials with a natural matrix and construction processes that optimise the raw materials and allow their recyclability. The article introduces the first outcomes of an interdisciplinary research project focused on applying geopolymers for building components. The research highlights the strategic role of sustainability combined with digitisation in order to improve ecological-environmental performance.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Article info</strong></p> <p>Received: 17/03/2023; Revised: 27/04/2023; Accepted: 09/05/2023</p> Raffaella Aversa Rossella Franchino Caterina Frettoloso Nicola Pisacane Laura Ricciotti Copyright (c) 2023 Raffaella Aversa, Rossella Franchino, Caterina Frettoloso, Nicola Pisacane, Laura Ricciotti 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 13 237 246 10.19229/2464-9309/13202023