AGATHÓN | International Journal
of Architecture, Art and Design
ISSN (online) 2532-683X
ISSN (print) 2464-9309
Goal 3 | Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have made a significant contribution to improving global health, e.g. in the fight against diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. For example, the number of malaria deaths has fallen by 60% since 2000. However, results have failed to meet expectations in many areas, such as reducing child and maternal mortality. The experience of the MDGs has shown that health problems need to be viewed in context, not in isolation. Education and food security influence the effectiveness of healthcare programmes. Goal 3 continues along the same lines as the MDGs, for example with regard to child and maternal mortality as well as communicable diseases such as AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, while also including provisions on combating non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and preventing traffic accidents and narcotics abuse. All people should have access to good-quality healthcare and medicines, including financial risk protection. Another objective for 2030 is to ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive healthcare, including family planning, information and education.
- Target 3.1 | By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births.
- Target 3.2 | By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.
- Target 3.3 | By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.
- Target 3.4 | By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.
- Target 3.5 | Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol.
- Target 3.6 | By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.
- Target 3.7 | By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes.
- Target 3.8 | Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.
- Target 3.9 | By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination.
- Target 3.a | Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate.
- Target 3.b | Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all.
- Target 3.c | Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States.
- Target 3.d | Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks.
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