Smart construction object. Tools for reprogramming the city
The focus on the concept of Smart Cities in the shift towards circular development models derives from the ability to govern increasingly complex phenomena and processes. By introducing data-driven approaches, the information produced by ICT technologies allows us to ‘reprogram’ the functioning of the urban system, as a complex ecosystem in which matter and energy are continuously transformed. Starting from the analysis of research experiences carried out at the European level, this paper aims to explore potential and real barriers related to Smart Construction Objects in urban processes. Technological-digital integration, the use of data, and the emergence of new economic management models based on services are investigated with reference to façade systems, as components able to generate and share information to govern the input and output of the urban metabolic system.
Arnesano, M., Bueno, B., Pracucci, A., Magnagni, S., Casadei, O. and Revel, G. M. (2019), “Sensors and control solutions for Smart-IoT façade modules”, in 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Measurements & Networking (M&N), pp. 1-6. [Online] Available at: ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8805024/ [Accessed 24 October 2021].
Azcárate-Aguerre, J. F., Den Heijer, A. and Klein, T. (2018), “Integrated façades as a Product-Service System – Business process innovation to accelerate integral product implementation”, in Journal of Façade Design and Engineering, vol. 6, issue 1, pp. 41-56. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.7480/jfde.2018.1.1840 [Accessed 17 October 2021].
Ciribini, A. L. C. (2019), “Gli Smart Construction Object – Illustri sconosciuti”, in Ingenio, 11/02/2019. [Online] Available at: ingenio-web.it/22561-gli-smart-construction-object-illustri-sconosciuti [Accessed 18 October 2021].
Del Nord, R. (2016), “Potenzialità dell’area tecnologica in tema di ‘ricerca progettuale’”, in Perriccioli, M. (ed.) Pensiero tecnico e cultura del progetto – Riflessioni sulla ricerca tecnologica in architettura, FrancoAngeli, Milano, pp. 121-126.
European Commission (2020), Private finance for energy efficiency – New solutions for funding Europe’s energy transition. [Online] Available at: cordis.europa.eu/article/id/422225-private-finance-for-energy-efficiency-new-solutions-for-funding-europes-energy-transition [Accessed 13 September 2021].
Faroldi, E. (2018), “Architectural intelligence”, in Techne | Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, vol. 1, special series, pp. 7-8. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.13128/Techne-23561 [Accessed 21 October 2021].
Giovanardi, M., Giusto, E. and Pollo, R. (2020), “Infrastrutture digitali nei componenti di involucro per la gestione degli edifici”, in Perriccioli, M., Rigillo, M., Russo Ermolli, S. and Tucci, F. (eds), Design in the digital age – Technology, nature, culture, Maggioli, Santarcangelo di Romagna (RN), pp. 238-242.
Guallart Architects (2008), Hyperabitat – Reprogramming the world. [Online] Available at: guallart.com/projects/hyperhabitat-reprogramming-the-world [Accessed 12 October 2021].
Guallart, V. (2010), Self-sufficient city, Actar Publishers, New York.
Heinrich, M. and Lang, W. (2019), Material Passports – Best practice – Innovative solutions for a transition to a Circular Economy in the built environment, TUM University, Monaco. [Online] Available at: bamb2020.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/BAMB_MaterialsPassports_BestPractice.pdf [Accessed 15 October 2021].
Lee, J. H., Song, J. H., Oh, K. S. and Gu, N. (2013), “Information lifecycle management with RFID for material control on construction sites”, in Advanced Engineering Informatics, vol. 27, pp. 108-119. [Online] Available at: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aei.2012.11.004 [Accessed 15 October 2021].
Losasso, M. (2015), “Rigenerazione urbana – Prospettive di innovazione | Urban regeneration – Innovative perspectives”, in Techne | Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, vol. 10, pp. 4-5. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.13128/Techne-17492 [Accessed 11 October 2021].
Mayer-Schöenberger, V. and Cukier, K. (2013), Big data – Una rivoluzione che trasformerà il nostro modo di vivere e già minaccia la nostra libertà, Garzanti, Milano.
Niu, Y., Lu, W., Chen, K., and Huang, G. Q. (2016), “Smart Construction Object”, in Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, vol. 30, issue 4, pp. 1-10. [Online] Available at: dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CP.1943-5487.0000550 [Accessed 15 October 2021].
Niu, Y., Lu, W., Xue, F., Liu, D., Chen, K., Fang, D. and Anumba, C. (2019), “Towards the ‘third wave’ – An SCO-enabled occupational health and safety T management system for construction”, in Safety Science, vol. 111, pp. 213-223. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.013 [Accessed 10 September 2021]
Pollo, R., Trane, M. and Giovanardi, M. (2021), “Urban Metabolism, modelli interdisciplinari e progetto a scala microurbana | Urban Metabolism, interdisciplinary models and design at micro-urban scale”, in Techne | Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, vol. 21, pp. 154-164. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.13128/techne-9857 [Accessed 22 October 2021].
Ratti, C. and Claudel, M. (2017), Le città di domani – Come le reti stanno cambiando il futuro urbano, Einaudi, Torino.
Rifkin, J. (2019), Un Green Deal globale – Il crollo della civiltà dei combustibili fossili entro il 2028 e l'audace piano economico per salvare la Terra, Mondadori, Milano.
Rinaldi, S. Bellagente, P., Ciribini, A. L. C., Tagliabue, L. C., Poli, T., Mainini, A. G., Speroni, A., Cadena, J. D. B. and Spagnolo, S. L. (2020), “A Cognitive-Driven Building Renovation for Improving Energy Efficiency – The Experience of the ELISIR Project”, in Electronics, vol. 9, pp. 1-20. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3390/electronics9040666 [Accessed 10 October 2021].
Santarius, T., Pohl, J. and Lange, S. (2020), “Digitalization and the decoupling debate – Can ICT help to reduce environmental impacts while the economy keeps growing?”, in Sustainability, vol. 12, pp. 1-20. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3390/su12187496 [Accessed 05 October 2021].
Scalisi, F. (2020), “Adaptive facade and Phase Change Materials (PCMs) – A sustainable approach for building construction”, in Scalisi, F. (ed.), From Mega to Nano | The Complexity of a Multiscalar Project, Palermo University Press, Palermo, pp. 44-69. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/978-88-5509-189-3/432020 [Accessed 17 October 2020].
Shahrokni, H., Lazarevic, D. and Brandt, N. (2015), “Smart Urban Metabolism – Towards a Real-Time Understanding of the Energy and Material Flows of a City and Its Citizens”, in Journal of Urban Technology, vol. 22, issue 1, pp. 65-86. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1080/10630732.2014.954899 [Accessed 21 October 2021].
Sposito, C. and Scalisi, F. (2020) “Ambiente costruito e sostenibilità – Materiali riciclati e Design for Disassembly tra ricerca e buone pratiche | Built environment and sustainability – Recycled materials and Design for Disassembly between research and good practices”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 8, pp. 106-117. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/8102020 [Accessed 17 October 2020].
Vendrell-Herrero, F., Bustinza, O. F., Parry, G. and Georgantzis, N. (2017), “Servitization, digitization and supply chain interdependency”, in Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 60, pp. 69-81. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2016.06.013 [Accessed 23 October 2021].
Copyright (c) 2021 Riccardo Pollo, Matteo Giovanardi, Matteo Trane
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This Journal is published under Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC-BY).
License scheme | Legal code
This License allows anyone to:
Share: copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt: remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
Under the following terms
Attribution: Users must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made; users may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses them or their use.
No additional restrictions: Users may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
Users do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give users all of the permissions necessary for their intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.