Sustainable urban development. Organizing information content for the transition to Positive Energy Districts
Keywords:positive energy districts, sustainable urban development, building process, technological solutions, stakeholder analysis
In line with the strategies to promote Positive Energy Districts for a transition to climate-neutral European cities, the contribution reports the outcomes of a research aimed at detecting the enabling factors to incentivize such a transition in the national territory, identifying the role played by the main public and private stakeholders in the different phases. Starting from the study of implementation processes, technological solutions and stakeholder involvement methods that have contributed to the success of virtuous sustainable urban development projects implemented in Italy, the research proposes a systemic approach for the organization of relevant information content capable of supporting Municipalities in identifying potentially replicable good practices, incentivizing them to initiate new urban development processes in Positive Energy Districts.
Received: 20/03/2023; Revised: 11/05/2023; Accepted: 17/05/2023
Alpagut, B., Akyürek, Ö. and Mitre, E. M. (2019), “Positive Energy Districts Methodology and its Replication Potential”, in Proceedings, vol. 20, issue 1, article 8, pp. 1-5. [Online] Available at: dx.doi.org/10.3390/ proceedings2019020008 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Antonini, E. and Mussinelli, E. (2018), “Toward the smart city and beyond”, in Techne | Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, special issue 1, pp. 26-27. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.13128/Techne-23567 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Bossi, S., Gollner, C. and Theierling, S. (2020), “Towards 100 Positive Energy Districts in Europe – Preliminary Data Analysis of 61 European Cases”, in Energies, vol. 13, issue 22, article 6083, pp. 1-13. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3390/en13226083 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Borsboom-van Beurden, J., Kallaos, J., Gindroz, B., Costa, S. and Riegler, J. (2019), Smart City Guidance Package – A Roadmap for Integrated Planning and Implementation of Smart City Projects. [Online] Available at: researchgate.net/publication/343615678_Smart_City_Guidance_Package [Accessed 12 May 2023].
Brozovsky, Z., Gustavsen, A. and Gaitani, N. (2021), “Zero emission neighbourhoods and positive energy districts – A state-of-the-art review”, in Sustainable Cities and Society, vol. 72, article 103013, pp. 1-21. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2021.103013 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Bylund, J., Gollner, C., Jäger, M., Klaming, G., Noll, M., Riegler, J., Rodenstedt, A. and Wallsten, B. (2022), Driving Urban Transition to a Sustainable Future – Roadmap, Driving Urban Transition. [Online] Available at: dutpartnership.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/09/DUT-Roadmap-2022-komprimiert.pdf [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Cheng, C., Albert-Seifried, V., Aelenei, L., Vandevyvere, H., Seco, O., Sánchez, M. N. and Hukkalainen, M. (2021), “A Systematic Approach Towards Mapping Stakeholders in Different Phases of PED Development. Extending the PED Toolbox – Extending the PED Toolbox”, in Littlewood J. R., Howlett, R. J. and Jain, L. C. (eds), Sustainability in Energy and Buildings 2021, Springer Nature, Singapore, pp. 447-462. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-6269-0_38 [Accessed 12 May 2023].
COST Action Positive Energy Districts European Network – PED-EU-NET (2022a), Deliverable 1.1 – Database of existing PED projects and innovations, action 19126. [Online] Available at: pedeu.net/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/D1.1_Database-of-existing-PED-projects.pdf [Accessed 12 May 2023].
COST Action Positive Energy Districts European Network – PED-EU-NET (2022b), Deliverable 2.1 – Report on existing technical PED guides and tools, action 19126. [Online] Available at: pedeu.net/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/D2.1_Review_existing-technical-PED-guides-and-tools.pdf [Accessed 12 May 2023].
European Commission (2020), Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions – A Renovation Wave for Europe – Greening our buildings, creating jobs, improving lives, document 52020DC0662, 662 final. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/it/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52020DC0662 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
European Commission (2019), Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions – The European Green Deal, document 52019DC0640, 640 final. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM%3A2019%3A640%3AFIN [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Ferrante, T. and Villani, T. (2021), “Positive Energy Districts and Energy Efficiency in Buildings – An Innovative Technical Communication Sheet to Facilitate Policy Officers’ Understanding to Enable Technologies and Procedure”, in Energies, vol. 14, issue 24, article 8551, pp. 1-18. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3390/en14248551 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Grimble, R. and Wellard, K. (1997), “Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management – A review of principles, contexts, experiences and opportunities”, in Agricultural Systems, vol. 55, issue 2, pp. 173-193. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/S0308-521X(97)00006-1 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Hearn, A. X. (2022), “Positive energy district stakeholder perceptions and measures for energy vulnerability mitigation”, in Applied Energy, vol. 322, article 119477, pp. 1-13. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2022.119477 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
JPI – Joint Programming Initiative (2020), Urban Europe – Europe Towards Positive Energy Districts. [Online] Available at: jpi-urbaneurope.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/PED-Booklet-Update-Feb-2020_2.pdf [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Koutra, S., Terés-Zubiaga, J., Bouillard, P. and Becue, V. (2023), “Decarbonizing Europe – A critical review on positive energy districts approaches”, in Sustainable Cities and Society, vol. 89, article 104356, pp. 1-15. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.104356 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Magliocco, A. and Canepa, M. (2022), “Cruscotti a servizio della governance – Monitoraggio di indicatori di prestazione e indicatori aggregati | Governance dashboards – Monitoring of key performance and aggregate indicators”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture Art and Design, vol. 12, pp. 36-45. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/1232022 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Making-City (2019), D4.1 – Methodology and Guidelines for PED design. [Online] Available at: makingcity.eu/wp-content/uploads/ 2021/12/MakingCity_D4_1_Methodology_and_Guidelines_for_PED _design_final.pdf [Accessed 12 May 2023].
MITE – Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare (2020), Agende Metropolitane per lo sviluppo sostenibile. [Online] Available at: mite.gov.it/sites/default/files/archivio/allegati/sviluppo _sostenibile/rapporto_agende_ metropolitane_svs_maggio_2020.pdf [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Østergaard, P. A. and Clerici Maestosi, P. (2019), “Tools, technologies and systems integration for the Smart and Sustainable Cities to come”, in International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management, vol. 24, pp. 1-6. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.5278/ijsepm.3405 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Piaia, E. and Frighi, V. (2022), “Transizione energetica dei distretti urbani – Un punto di vista per lo sviluppo di una piattaforma di supporto decisionale | Energy transition of urban districts – A viewpoint for the development of a decision support platform”, in Techne | Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, vol. 23, pp. 127-133. [Online] Available at: oaj.fupress.net/index.php/techne/article/view/12117 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
SCIS – Smart Cities Information System (2020), Positive Energy Districts Solution Booklet. [Online] Available at: smart-cities-marketplace.ec.europa.eu/insights/solutions/solution-booklet-positive-energy-districts [Accessed 12 May 2023].
SET-Plan Temporary Working Group (2018), SET-Plan ACTION n° 3.2 Implementation Plan – Europe to become a global role model in integrated, innovative solutions for the planning, deployment, and replication of Positive Energy Districts. [Online] Available at: jpi-urbaneurope.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/setplan_smartcities_implementationplan.pdf [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Shnapp, S., Paci, D. and Bertoldi, P. (2020), Enabling Positive Energy Districts Across Europe – Energy Efficiency Couples Renewable Energy, EUR30325 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. [Online] Available at: op.europa.eu/it/publication-detail/-/publication/6cea1079-f6f9-11ea-991b-01aa75ed71a1/language-en [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Sinopoli, N. (1997), La tecnologia invisibile – Il processo di produzione dell’architettura e le sue regie, FrancoAngeli, Milano.
Turci, G., Alpagut, B., Civiero, P., Kuzmic, M., Pagliula, S., Massa, G., Albert-Seifried, V., Seco, O. and Soutullo, S. (2022), “A Comprehensive PED-Database for Mapping and Comparing Positive Energy Districts Experiences at European Level”, in Sustainability, vol. 14, article 427, pp. 1-24. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3390/su14010427 [Accessed 12 May 2023].
UN – United Nations (2015), Transforming our world – The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. [Online] Available at: sdgs.un.org/ sites/default/files/publications/21252030%20Agenda%20for%20Sustainable %20 Development%20web.pdf [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Uspenskaia, D., Specht, K., Kondziella, H. and Bruckner, T. (2021), “Challenges and Barriers for Net-Zero/Positive Energy Buildings and Districts – Empirical Evidence from the Smart City Project SPARCS”, in Buildings, vol. 11, issue 2, article 78, pp. 1-24. [Online] Available at: dx.doi.org/10.3390/buildings11020078 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
Zhang, X., Penaka, S., Giriraj, S., Sánchez, M., Civiero, P. and Vandevyvere, H. (2021), “Characterizing Positive Energy District (PED) through a Preliminary Review of 60 Existing Projects in Europe”, in Buildings, vol. 11, issue 8, article 318, pp. 1-24. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3390/buildings11080318 [Accessed 18 March 2023].
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Tiziana Ferrante, Federica Romagnoli, Teresa Villani
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This Journal is published under Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC-BY).
License scheme | Legal code
This License allows anyone to:
Share: copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt: remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
Under the following terms
Attribution: Users must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made; users may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses them or their use.
No additional restrictions: Users may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
Users do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give users all of the permissions necessary for their intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.