Bio-based circular materials. Innovative packaging and construction products
The European Green Deal and the European Climate Law of the European Parliament are the socio-political context in which the construction industry has to engage in order to reduce upfront carbon. This focus puts the role of building materials in a new perspective. By focusing on the development of innovative solutions that specifically address biotic and bio-based materials, the Cradle-to-Cradle approach values biobased materials and gives them a key role in the transition to the circular economy. The paper presents an innovative material, the complex outcome of two different research projects conducted by the ZEBtwdZEEB Group of the ‘L. Vanvitelli’ University of Campania in collaboration with the innovative start-up Service Biotech Srl, winner of the BioInItaly Investment Forum 2021 & Intesa Sanpaolo Start-Up Initiative for the Circular Bioeconomy sector.
Cannaviello, M. (2017), La sfida dell’impronta di carbonio del cantiere edile | Tackling carbon footprint of construction site, La scuola di Pitagora editrice, Napoli.
Cerimi, K., Can Akkaya, K., Pohl, C., Schmidt, B. and Neubauer, P. (2019), “Fungi as source for new bio-based materials – A patent review”, in Fungal Biology and Biotechnology, vol. 6, article 17, pp. 1-10. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1186/s40694-019-0080-y [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Circular Economy Network (2021), 3° Rapporto sull’Economia Circolare in Italia – Focus sull’economia circolare nella transizione alla neutralità climatica. [Online] Available at: circulareconomynetwork.it/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/3%C2%B0-Rapporto-economia-circolare_CEN.pdf [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Curran, M. A. (2010), “Biobased materials”, in Kirk-Othmer – Encyclopedia of Chemical Technolnology, John Wiley & Sons. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1002/0471238961.biobcurr.a01 [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Dahiya, S., Katakojwala, R., Ramakrishna, S. and Venkata Mohan, S. (2020), “Biobased Products and Life Cycle Assessment in the Context of Circular Economy and Sustainability”, in Materials Circular Economy, vol. 2, article 7, pp. 1-28. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/s42824-020-00007-x [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Dobrucka, R. (2019), “Bioplastic packaging materials in circular economy”, in LogForum, vol. 15, issue 1, pp. 129-137. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.17270/J.LOG.2019.322 [Accessed 15 April 2021].
European Commission (2020), Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 (European Climate Law), document 52020PC0080, 80 final. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52020PC0080&qid=1619929730292 [Accessed 16 April 2021].
European Commission (2019), Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions – The European Green Deal, document 52019DC0640, 640 final. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52019DC0640&qid=1619930051365 [Accessed 16 April 2021].
European Commission (2018), Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions – A European Strategy for Plastics in a Circular Economy, document 52018DC0028, 028 final. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1516265440535&uri=COM:2018:28:FIN [Accessed 16 April 2021].
European Commission (2017), Expert Group Report – Review of the EU Bioeconomy Strategy and its Action Plan. [Online] Available at: core.ac.uk/download/pdf/227290013.pdf [Accessed 16 April 2021].
Federici, F., Fava, F., Kalogerakis, N. and Mantzavinos, D. (2009), “Valorisation of agro‐industrial by‐products, effluents and waste: concept, opportunities and the case of olive mill wastewaters”, in Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol. 84, issue 6, pp. 895-900. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1002/jctb.2165 [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Fondazione per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile and FISE UNICIRCULAR (2020), L’Italia del Riciclo – 2020. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1002/jctb.2165 [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Manuelli, M. T. (2020), “In che modo il packaging sostenibile guiderà le scelte della nostra spesa”, in IlSole24Ore, newspaper, 28/02/2020. [Online] Available at: 24plus.ilsole24ore.com/art/il-packaging-sostenibile-guida-scelte-spesa-business-65-miliardi-ACNf7WJB [Accessed 15 April 2021].
McDonough, W. and Braungart, M. (2002), Cradle to cradle – Remaking the way we make things, North Point Press, New York.
Narayan, R. (2012), “Biobased & Biodegradable Plastics – Rationale, Drivers, and Technology Exemplars”, in Khemani, K. and Scholz, C. (eds), Degradable Polymers and Materials – Principles and Practice (2nd Edition), ACS Publication, pp. 13-31. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1021/bk-2012-1114.ch002 [Accessed 15 April 2021].
National Bioeconomy Coordination Board (2021), Implementation Action Plan (2020-2025) for the Italian Bioeconomy Strategy Bit II. [Online] Available at: cnbbsv.palazzochigi.it/media/2078/iap_2332021.pdf [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Netti, M. and Cannaviello, M. (2018), “Blockchain technology – Opportunities for sustainability of construction sector”, in Beyond all Limits 2018 – International Congress on Sustainability in Architecture, Planning, and Design, 17-19 October 2018, Ankara, Turkey, Cankaya University Press, pp. 558-562.
Plastics Europe (2019), The Circular Economy for Plastics – A European Overview. [Online] Available at: plasticseurope.org/download_file/force/3259/181 [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Scalisi, F. and Sposito, C. (2020), “Measure the Embodied Energy in Building Materials – An Eco-Sustainable Approach for Construction”, in Sayigh, A. (ed.), Renewable Energy and Sustainable Buildings, Selected Papers from the World Renewable Energy Congress WREC 2018, University of Kingston, UK, 30 July-3 August 2018, Springer, Cham (Switzerland), pp. 245-256. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-18488-9_19 [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Sposito, C. and Scalisi, F. (2019), “A possible tool for the choice of building materials – The environmental product declaration (EPD)”, in Bisson, M. (ed.), 3rd International Conference on Environmental Design, 3-4 October | Marsala – Sicily, Palermo University Press, Palermo, pp. 189-199. [Online] Available at: demetracerimed.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/A-possible-tool-for-the-choice-of-building-materials_2019-1.pdf [Accessed 15 April 2021].
UN – General Assembly (2015), Transforming our world – The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, document A/RES/70/1. [Online] Available at: un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&Lang=E [Accessed 14 April 2021].
Venkata Mohan, S., Modestra, J. A., Amulya, K., Butti, S. K. and Velvizhi, G. (2016), “A Circular Bioeconomy with Biobased Products from CO2 Sequestration”, in Trends in Biotechnology, vol. 34, issue 6, pp. 506-519. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.02.012 [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Violano, A. (2018), “Oltre la Materia – La sperimentazione di bio-based grown materials dai miceli | Beyond Materials – The experimentation of bio-based grown materials from mycelia”, in Techne | Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, vol. 16, pp. 299-307. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.13128/Techne-23029 [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Violano, A. and Del Prete, S. (2020), “Dentro la materia – L’analisi SEM per la determinazione delle prestazioni di materiali bioplastici innovative | Within the matter – Determining the performance of innovative bioplastic materials with SEM analysis”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 7, pp. 174-179. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/7182020 [Accessed 15 April 2021].
World Green Building Council (2019), Bringing embodied carbon upfront – Coordinated action for the building and construction sector to tackle embodied carbon. [Online] Available at: worldgbc.org/bringing-embodied-carbon-upfront-report-download [Accessed 15 April 2021].
Copyright (c) 2021 Antonella Violano, Monica Cannaviello, Salvatore Del Prete
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This Journal is published under Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC-BY).
License scheme | Legal code
This License allows anyone to:
Share: copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt: remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
Under the following terms
Attribution: Users must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made; users may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses them or their use.
No additional restrictions: Users may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
Users do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give users all of the permissions necessary for their intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.