Resource mattress. The potential of refuse materials

  • Alexa Kreissl Technical University Braunschweig (Germany)
Keywords: experimental architecture, material research, waste elimination, insulation, lightweight

Abstract

Mattresses are multi-material products whose exact composition is mostly unknown to the waste collector, so they can hardly be recycled and continue to be incinerated. Valuable resources are lost and no longer returned to the material cycle. Foam re-use and mechanical recycling account for only a negligible share of the market. The research presented here explores the potential of re-using mattresses as thermal and acoustic insulation for construction projects and attempts to find re-purpose in order to reduce waste and emissions, save resources and provide the insulation needed. This specific case study serves as a method to identify and demonstrate the flow and potential on a much larger scale. Considering comparable and possibly compatible properties of different foams this study explores the possibility of using them in a larger format. The approach is based on an unbiased exploration of the material, which only as a second step uses scientific methods to measure the intuitive exploration of the properties.

Author Biography

Alexa Kreissl, Technical University Braunschweig (Germany)

Artist and PhD Candidate, she is a Researcher at the Institute of Architecture Related Art, Department of Architecture. Research Associate at the Leibniz Science Campus – Postdigital Participation – Braunschweig’ (LSC PDP). Refuse resources, art, architecture, design and aesthetic transformation are the starting point for the interdisciplinary and experimental work.
E-mail: a.kreissl@tu-braunschweig.de

References

BASF (2020), “BASF working toward circularity in recycling of mattresses”, in BASF, 29/06/2020. [Online] Available at: basf.com/global/en/media/news-releases/2020/06/p-20-226.html [Accessed 06 April 2021].

Ellen MacArthur Foundation (2013), Towards the Circular Economy – Economic and business rationale for an accelerated transition. [Online] Available at: ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/assets/downloads/publications/Ellen-MacArthur-Foundation-Towards-the-Circular-Economy-vol.1.pdf [Accessed 06 April 2021].

European Commission (n.d.), Treatment of mattresses for improved recycling of materials. [Online] Available at: greenbestpractice.jrc.ec.europa.eu/node/139 [Accessed 15 May 2021].

EUROPUR (2015), Flexible Polyurethane (PU) Foam – Eco-profiles and Environmental Product Declarations of the European Plastics Manufacturers – August 2015. [Online] Available at: europur.org/sustainabilty/ecoprofile-of-pu-flexible-foam [Accessed 06 April 2021].

Fastabend, A. (2021), “Matratzen, setzt doch uns vor die Tür! – Alltag in Coronazeiten”, in Taz, newspaper, 22/02/2021. [Online] Available at: taz.de/Alltag-in-Coronazeiten/!5749866/ [Accessed 06 April 2021].

Fraunhofer ICT (2019), “Was passiert mit 30 Millionen Matratzen pro Jahr?”, in ict.fraunhofer.de, 09/04/2019. [Online] Available at: ict.fraunhofer.de/de/presse_mediathek/pressemitteilungen/2019/2019-04-09.html [Accessed 06 April 2021].

Heisel, F. (2020), “Reuse and Recycling – Materializing a Circular Construction”, in Ruby, I. and Ruby, A. (eds), The Material Book, Ruby Press, Berlin, pp. 156-160.

Köbberling, F. (n.d.), “Resources”, in iak-tu-bs.de. [Online] Available at: iak-tu-bs.de/forschung.html [Accessed 06 April 2021].

Meyer, F. (2008), “Wie entsteht ein Polyurethanschaum? – Grundlagen der PUR-Schaumherstellung”, in FSK Magazin | Polyurethane, pp. 4-7. [Online] Available at: pur-schaumkunststoffe.de/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/FSK_Magazin_Polyurethan_2008.pdf [Accessed 06 April 2021].

Nierhaus, I. and Heinz, K. (eds), Matratze / Matritze – Möblierung von Subjekt und Gesellschaft – Konzepte in Kunst und Architektur, trasnsript Verlag, Bielefeld. [Online] Available at: transcript-verlag.de/978-3-8376-3205-7/matratze/matrize/ [Accessed 06 April 2021].

Sutton, A. Black, D. and Walker, P. (2011), “Natural fibre insulation – An introduction to low-impact building materials”, in BRE publications, IP 18/11. [Online] Available at: bre.co.uk/filelibrary/pdf/projects/low_impact_materials/IP18_11.pdf [Accessed 22 April 2021].

Wainwright, O. (2020), “The case for ... never demolishing another building”, in The Guardian, newspaper, 13/01/2020. [Online] Available at: theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/13/the-case-for-never-demolishing-another-building [Accessed 06 April 2021].

Umwelt Bundesamt (2017), “Urban Mining”, in umweltbundesamt.de, 08/05/2017. [Online] Available at: umweltbundesamt.de/themen/abfall-ressourcen/abfallwirtschaft/urban-mining [Accessed 06 April 2021].

House of Cards / Mattress Tower / Room Dev- ider (credit: IAK, A. Kreissl, 2020). AGATHÓN 09 | 2021
Published
2021-06-22
How to Cite
Kreissl, A. (2021) “Resource mattress. The potential of refuse materials”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 9(online), pp. 184-193. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/9182021.
Section
Architecture | Research & Experimentation
Share |