Urban micro-forestry for climate adaptation in the smaller ports of the mid-Adriatic sea

  • Roberta Cocci Grifoni University of Camerino (Italy)
  • Timothy D. Brownlee University of Camerino (Italy)
  • Graziano Enzo Marchesani University of Camerino (Italy)
  • Maria Federica Ottone University of Camerino (Italy)
Keywords: micro-forestation, climate change adaptation, urban comfort, ports, Adriatic

Abstract

The article describes a research work aimed at identifying tools to support the activation and environmental regeneration of the open space of the ports in the mid-Adriatic area, an area with untapped potential, though there are significant criticalities. Starting from a set of data taken from the INTERREG Italy-Croatia Joint_SECAP project and, in particular, from the risks and climatic vulnerabilities of the Italian mid-Adriatic city, the contribution presents hypotheses for the light transformation of a part of the port infrastructure through urban micro-forestry interventions. The methodological approach uses simulation tools with a parametric platform that generates proprietary algorithms and allows recursive control over every aspect of the process.

Author Biographies

Roberta Cocci Grifoni, University of Camerino (Italy)

Physicist and PhD, she is an Associate Professor in Architectural Technology at the School of Architecture and Design. She carries out research activities mainly in environmental thermofluid dynamics and quality of life.
E-mail: roberta.coccigrifoni@unicam.it

Timothy D. Brownlee, University of Camerino (Italy)

Architect and PhD, he is a Research Fellow in Architectural Technology at the School of Architecture and Design and works on urban open spaces and climate change adaptation measures.
E-mail: timothy.brownlee@unicam.it

Graziano Enzo Marchesani, University of Camerino (Italy)

Architect and PhD, he is a Research Assistant at the School of Architecture and Design. He works mainly on numerical simulations for the evaluation of urban comfort.
E-mail: graziano.marchesani@unicam.it

Maria Federica Ottone, University of Camerino (Italy)

Architect and PhD, she is a Full Professor of Environmental Design at the School of Architecture and Design. Her research topics include urban open spaces and the relationship between the different dimensions of design in urban regeneration and transformation, with particular attention to climate and environmental issues.
E-mail: mariafederica.ottone@unicam.it

References

Brownlee, T. D., Camaioni, C., Magaudda, S., Mugnoz, S. and Pellegrino, P. (2022), “The INTERREG Italy-Croatia Joint_SECAP Project – A Collaborative Approach for Adaptation Planning”, in Sustainability, vol. 14, issue 1, 404, pp. 1-19. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3390/su14010404 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Carter, J. G., Cavan, G., Connelly, A., Guy, S., Handley, J. and Kazmierczak, A. (2015), “Climate change and the city – Building capacity for urban adaptation”, in Progress in Planning, vol. 95, pp. 1-66. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.progress.2013.08.001 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Città Metropolitana di Milano (2020), “Metro Adapt Platform – Strategie e misure di adattamento al cambiamento climatico nella Città Metropolitana di Milano”, in cittametropolitana.mi.it, 24/02/2020. [Online] Available at: cittametropolitana.mi.it/Life_Metro_Adapt/index. html [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Cocci Grifoni, R., Pierantozzi, M., Tascini, S. and Passerini, G. (2012), “Assessing the representativeness of thermal comfort in outdoor spaces”, in Pacetti, M., Passerini, G., Brebbia, C. A. and Latini, G. (eds), Sustainable City, vol. VII, pp. 835-846. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.2495/SC120702 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

de Graaf-van Dinther, R. and Ovink, H. (2021), “The Five Pillars of Climate Resilience”, in de Graaf-van Dinther, R. (ed.), Climate Resilient Urban Areas – Governance, design and development in coastal delta cities, Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, pp. 1-19. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57537-3_1 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

De Pascali, P. and Bagaini, A. (2021), “L’affermazione del Piano d’azione per l’energia sostenibile (PAES) in Italia – Limiti e tentativi di integrazione con la pianificazione locale”, in Archivio di Studi Urbani e Regionali, issue 131, suppl., pp. 71-96. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3280/ASUR2021-131-S1004 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Fanger, P. O. (1970), Thermal Comfort, Analysis and Application in Environment Engineering, Danish Technical Press, Copenhagen.

Frantzeskaki, N. and Rok, A. (2018), “Co-producing urban sustainability transitions knowledge with community, policy and science”, in Environmental Innovation Societal Transitions, vol. 29, pp. 47-51. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.eist.2018.08.001 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Guida, C. (2021), I rischi naturali del cambiamento climatico nelle città del Mediterraneo, Federico II Open Access University Press, Napoli. [Online] Available at: dx.doi.org/10.6093/978-88-6887-107-9 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

ISPRA (2019), “Consumo di suolo in area costiera”, in annuario.isprambiente.it. [Online] Available at: annuario.isprambiente.it/sys_ind/report/html/697 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

ISPRA (2012), Manuali e Linee Guida, vol. 78/2012. [Online] Available at: isprambiente.gov.it/files/pubblicazioni/manuali-lineeguida [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Jendritzky, G., Maarouf, A. and Staiger, H. (2001), “Looking for a universal thermal climate index UTCI for outdoor applications”, in Moving thermal comfort standards into the 21st century – Conference proceedings, Cumberland Lodge, Windsor (UK), 5th-8th April 2001, OCSD, pp. 353-367. [Online] Available at: utci.org/isb/documents/windsor_vers04.pdf [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Joint_SECAP team (2021), Joint_SECAP – Joint strategies for climate change adaption in coastal area. [Online] Available at: joint-secap.unicam.it [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Langenheim, N., White, M., Tapper, N., Livesley, S. J. and Ramirez-Lovering, D. (2020), “Right tree, right place, right time – A visual-functional design approach to T select and place trees for optimal shade benefit to commuting pedestrians”, in Sustainable Cities and Society, vol. 52, 101816, pp. 1-11. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2019.101816 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Matos Silva, M. (2019), Public Spaces for Water – A Design Notebook, CRC Press.

McDonald, R. and Beatley, T. (2021), Biophilic Cities for an Urban Century – Why nature is essential for the success of cities, Palgrave Pivot. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-51665-9 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

MIMS – Ministero delle Infrastrutture e della Mobilità Sostenibili (2021), “Porti – Il Mims istituisce il Tavolo del Mare”, in mit.gov.it, 20/12/2021. [Online] Available at: mit.gov.it/comunicazione/news/porti-il-mims-istituisce-il-tavolo-del-mare [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Molenaar, A., Hölscher, K., Loorbach, D. and Verlinde, J. (2021), Making the transition – Transformative governance capacity, in De Graaf-van Dinther, R. (ed.), Climate resilient urban areas – Governance, design and development in coastal delta cities, Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, pp. 175-190. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57537-3_9 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Mosca, F., Dotti Sani, G. M., Giachetta, A. and Perini, K. (2021), “Nature-Based Solutions – Thermal Comfort Improvement and Psychological Wellbeing, a Case Study in Genoa, Italy”, in Sustainability, vol. 13, issue 21, article 11638, pp. 1-18. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3390/su132111638 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Musco, F. (2018), “Nature-Based Solutions – Tecniche e strumenti per le città resilienti”, in Equilibri | Rivista per lo sviluppo sostenibile, vol. 1, pp 105-115. [Online] Available at: rivisteweb.it/doi/10.1406/89641 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Nesshöver, C., Assmuth, T., Irvine, K. N., Rusch, G. M., Waylen, K. A., Delbaere, B., Haase, D., Jones-Walters, L., Keune, H., Kovacs, E., Krauze, K., Külvik, M., Rey, F., van Dijk, J., Vistad, O. I., Wilkinson, M. E. and Wittmer, H. (2017), “The science, policy and practice of nature-based solutions – An interdisciplinary perspective”, in Science of the Total Environment, vol. 579, pp. 1215-1227. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.11.106 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Ottone, M. F. and Cocci Grifoni, R. (2021), “Habitat e paesaggio costiero in uno scenario di cambiamenti climatici”, in Doti, G. (ed.), Porti minori – Un patrimonio da riconquistare nel medio Adriatico, Campesano Editore, Roma, pp. 85-98.

Qiang, V. and Yu, F. (2019), “The Green-cloud project – Finding green space in an urban village”, in Biophilic Cities Journal, vol. 3, n. 1, pp. 32-35. [Online] Available at: issuu.com/biophiliccities/docs/bcj_v3_is1_issu_export [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Rossi, G. E. (2019), “Adattamento urbano, strategie e progetto – Il divario fra le politiche e la loro implementazione | Urban adaptation, strategies and projects – The gap between policies and their implementation”, in Agathòn | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 6, pp. 46-57. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/652019 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Talia, M. (2019), “La pianificazione strategica di piccoli centri portuali”, in Doti, G. (ed.), Porti minori – Un patrimonio da riconquistare nel medio Adriatico, Campesano Editore, Roma, pp. 85-98.

Tirabassi, T. and Nassetti, S. (1999), “The representative day”, in Atmospheric Environment, vol. 33, issue 15, pp. 2427-2434. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(98)00371-9 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

Tucci, F., Cecafosso, V., Caruso, A. and Turchetti, G. (2020), Adattamento ai cambiamenti climatici di architetture e città green – Assi strategici, indirizzi, azioni d’intervento per la resilienza dell’ambiente costruito, FrancoAngeli, Milano.

Tuel, E. A and Eltahir, E. A. B. (2020), “Is the Mediterranean a Climate Change Hot Spot?”, in Journal of Climate, vol. 33, issue 14, pp. 5829-5843. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0910.1 [Accessed 15 March 2022].

San Benedetto del Tronto port area, vegetation and tree height (graphic processing by E. Ciavatta, G. Cicconi and S. Parnenzini, 2020) – AGATHÓN 11_2022
Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
Cocci Grifoni, R., Brownlee, T. D., Marchesani, G. E. and Ottone, M. F. (2022) “Urban micro-forestry for climate adaptation in the smaller ports of the mid-Adriatic sea”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 11(online), pp. 172-181. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/11152022.
Section
Architecture | Research & Experimentation
Share |