Waste valuing from urban wood management through design. Ideas from the case of Sãn Paulo

  • Cyntia Malaguti de Sousa University of São Paulo
Keywords: waste recovery, design, urban afforestation, tree pruning, fallen trees

Abstract

As cities grow, urban afforestation becomes more important both for aesthetics and environmental reasons. Nevertheless, pruning and removal of fallen trees, demand a waste management system, not easy to deal with, especially in big tropical cities, such as São Paulo, in Brazil. On the other hand, part of this waste could be employed in wooden artefacts production, reducing the pressure on the forests, in a circular economy and systemic design approach – the main hypothesis of ongoing research at the University of São Paulo. This paper presents the existing problem, the theoretical foundations upon which the study was built, the findings of an international scientific literature review that looked for successful experiences and how the design was involved; and suggests further researches.

Author Biography

Cyntia Malaguti de Sousa, University of São Paulo

Designer and PhD, she is Full Professor at the Department of Technology, College of Architecture and Urbanism. Member of the Teaching Board of the Bachelor of Design degree and Postgraduate Program on Design, she carries out researches on sustainability, future studies and material culture.
E-mail: cyntiamalaguti@usp.br

References

Amaral Ribeiro, L. and Rodriguez Ramos, H. (2018), “Implantação de sistema de gerenciamento de árvores plantadas em São Paulo, como método de apuração para manutenção, fiscalização e controle”, in VII SINGEP – Simpósio Internacional de Gestão de Projetos, Inovação e Sustentabilidade. [Online] Available at: singep.org.br/7singep/resultado/369.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Appadurai, A. (2013), The Future as a Cultural Fact – Essays on the Global Condition, Verso, London.

Bratkovich, S. et alii (2008), Urban tree utilization and why it matters, Dovetail Partners, Inc., Minneapolis. [Online] Available at: www.dovetailinc.org/report_pdfs/2008/dovetailurban0108ig.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Bratkovich, S. and Fernholz, K. (2010), Using industrial clusters to build an urban wood utilization program – A twin cities case study, Dovetail Partners Inc., Minneapolis. [Online] Available at: www.dovetailinc.org/report_pdfs/2010/werc63010finalreportsm.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Cardim, R. (2008), “Quais são as 10 árvores mais comuns na cidade de São Paulo?”, in Árvores de São Paulo. [Online] Available at: arvoresdesaopaulo.wordpress.com/2008/11/29/qual-sao-as-10-arvores-mais-comuns-na-cidade-de-sao-paulo/ [Accessed 26 October 2019].

Carvalho, M. A. (2018), “No. de quedas de árvores é o maior em cinco anos em SP; podas diminuem”, in Estadão | Portal do Estado de S. Paulo. [Online] Available at: sao-paulo.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,n-de-quedas-de-arvore-e-o-maior-em-cinco-anos-em-sp-podas-diminuem,70002237015 [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Cassens, D. and Purcell, L. (2015), “Lumber from urban and construction-site trees”, in Purdue University/Purdue Extension, FNR-93-W. [Online] Available at: www.extension.purdue.edu/extmedia/FNR/FNR-93-W.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Cassens, D. L. and Makra, E. (2014), “Urban wood and traditional wood: a comparison of properties and uses”, in Purdue University/Purdue Extension, FNR-490-W. [Online] Available at: illinoisurbanwood.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Urban-Wood-vs-Traditional-Wood.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

da Silveira, E. (2017), “Controle da paisagem. Softwares ajudam a monitorar a saúde das árvores das cidades”, in Revista Pesquisa FAPESP, n. 256, pp. 76-79. [Online] Available at: revistapesquisa.fapesp.br/2017/06/20/controle-da-paisagem/ [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Ellen MacArthur Foundation (2013), Towards the circular economy – Economic and business rationale for an accelerated transition v.1. [Online] Available at: www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/assets/downloads/publications/Ellen-MacArthur-Foundation-Towards-the-Circular-Economy-vol.1.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

ENEL (2019), Manejo e Poda de Árvores. [Online] Available at: www.eneldistribuicaosp.com.br/a-enel/meio-ambiente/manejo-e-poda-de-arvores [Accessed 12 October 2019].

European Commission (2019), Biodegradable waste. [Online] Available at: ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/compost/index.htm [Accessed 21 November 2019].

European Parliament and Council of the European Union (2008), “Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives”, in EUR-Lex, L 312/3. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0098&from=EN [Accessed 21 November 2019].

Ferreira Rocha, A. J. et alii (2015), “Destinação sustentável do resíduo da poda de árvores urbanas | Sustainable destination for the tree pruning waste”, in Keeping Planet ‘Water Earth’ Safe and Sound: a challenge to Science and Technology – XV Safety, Health and Environment World Congress, July 19-22, 2015, Porto, Portugal, COPEC – Council of Researches in Education and Sciences, pp. 137-141. [Online] Available at: copec.eu/shewc2015/proc/works/30.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Gordon, J. S. (2017), Waste not, want not – Using urban wood-waste to benefit communities. Mississippi State University – Extension Service, Mississippi, publication number 3053. [Online] Available at: extension.msstate.edu/publications/publications/waste-not-want-not-using-urban-wood-waste-benefit-communities [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Guimarães Alves, B. L. (2007), Gestão de resíduos de poda: estudo de caso da Fundação Parques e Jardins do Município do Rio de Janeiro, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – Centro de Tecnologia e Ciências – Faculdade de Engenharia, Master dissertation, Rio de Janeiro. [Online] Available at: www.peamb.eng.uerj.br/trabalhosconclusao/2007/PEAMB2007BLGAlves.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Imazon (2013), Acertando o Alvo 2 – Consumo de Madeira Amazônica e Certificação Florestal no Estado de São Paulo. [Online] Available at: imazon.org.br/acertando-o-alvo-2-consumo-de-madeira-amazonica-e-certificacao-florestal-no-estado-de-sao-paulo/ [Accessed 13 October 2019].

Jones, P. (2014), “Design research methods in systemic design”, in Sevaldson, B and Jones, P. (eds), Proceedings of RSD3 – Third Symposium of Relating Systems Thinking to Design, Oslo, Norway, October 15-17, 2014, The Oslo School of Architecture and Design, Oslo, pp. 1-7. [Online] Available at: systemic-design.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/RSD3-Jones-Systemic-Design-Research-Methods.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Jornal Nacional (2019), Em pouco mais de dois meses, mais de 2.800 árvores caem em São Paulo. [Online] Available at: g1.globo.com/jornal-nacional/noticia/2019/03/07/sao-paulo-tem-queda-de-2800-arvores-em-quase-tres.ghtml [Accessed 13 October 2019].

Lopez Garcia, G. H. (2018), Propriedade da madeira de galhos de espécies utilizadas na arborização urbana | Properties of wood from branches of tress used in urban areas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Engenharia Agrícola, Master dissertation, Campinas. [Online] Available at: sucupira.capes.gov.br/sucupira/public/consultas/coleta/trabalhoConclusao/ viewTrabalhoConclusao.jsf?popup=true&id_trabalho=6447401 [Accessed 11 October 2019].

Macleod, R. (2011), Utilizing wood waste from CR&D and urban forestry, Forest Echo, Ottawa. [Online] Available at: kipdf.com/utilizing-wood-waste-from-crd-and-urban-forestry_5b1563077f8b9a14458b45c9.html [Accessed 10 October 2019].

Martins, C. H. (2013), “O aproveitamento de madeiras das podas da arborização viária de Maringá/PR | The usage of wood from the street afforestation pruning of Maringá/PR”, in Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável, vol. 8, n.2, pp. 257-267. [Online] Available at: www.gvaa.com.br/revista/index.php/RVADS/article/view/1364/1759 [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Meira, A. M. (2010), Gestão de resíduos da arborização urbana, Universidade de São Paulo – Escola Superior de Agricultura ‘Luiz de Queiroz’, Doctorate Thesis, Piracicaba. [Online] Available at: teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/11/11150/tde-19042010-103157/pt-br.php [Accessed 9 October 2019].

Mello, A. L. R. (2008), O brinquedo do parque: um conceito lúdico como arte do reaproveitamento, UNESP/Instituto de Artes, São Paulo. [Online] Available at: repositorio.unesp.br/bitstream/handle/11449/86933/mello_alr_me_ia.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y [Accessed 12 October 2019].

MIT Senseable City Lab (2019), Treepedia – Exploring the Green Canopy in cities around the world. [Online] Available at: senseable.mit.edu/treepedia/cities/s%C3%A3o%20paulo [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Nobre, S. R. (2018), Estudo de mercado e das cadeias produtivas dos principais produtos florestais do Vale do Paraíba do Sul – SP. Monografia, IV Prêmio Serviço Florestal Brasileiro em Estudos de Economia e Mercado Florestal, Serviço Florestal Brasileiro, Brasília. [Online] Available at: www.florestal.gov.br/documentos/informacoes-florestais/premio-sfb/iv-premio/monografias-iv-premio/profissional/2715-039tmp-valedoparaiba/file [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Nzokou, P., Simons, J. and Weatherspoon, A. (2011), “Wood residue processing and utilization in Southeastern Michigan, U.S.”, in Arboriculture & Urban Forestry, vol. 37, n. 1, pp. 13-18. [Online] Available at: www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20123306796 [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Prefeitura de São Paulo (2019a), Relatório final do grupo de trabalho instituído para organizar a elaboração do Plano Municipal de Arborização – PMAU, Secretaria Municipal do Verde e do Meio Ambiente, São Paulo. [Online] Available at: legislacao.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/leis/publicacao-secretaria-municipal-do-verde-e-do-meio-ambiente-svma-90309-de-2-de-setembro-de-2019 [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Prefeitura de São Paulo (2019b), Geosampa: mapa – Mapa digital da cidade de São Paulo. [Online] Available at: geosampa.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/PaginasPublicas/_SBC.aspx [Accessed 13 October 2019].

Prefeitura de São Paulo (2017), Programa de Metas da Cidade de São Paulo 2017-2020, Planeja Sampa, São Paulo. [Online] Available at: planejasampa.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/assets/Programa-de-Metas_2017-2020_Final.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Prefeitura de São Paulo (2016), Manual técnico de poda de árvores. [Online] Available at: www.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/cidade/secretarias/upload/MPODA.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Prefeitura de São Paulo (2015), Manual técnico de arborização urbana, Secretaria Municipal do Verde e do Meio Ambiente, São Paulo. [Online] Available at: www.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/cidade/secretarias/upload/meio _ambiente/MARBOURB.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Rede Aberje (2018), Eletropaulo otimiza processo de poda de árvores triturando os galhos. [Online] Available at: www.aberje.com.br/eletropaulo-otimiza-processo-de-poda-de-arvores-triturando-os-galhos/ [Accessed 30 October 2019].

Rother, E. T. (2007), “Revisão Sistemática X Revisão Narrativa”, in Acta Paulista de Enfermagem, vol. 20, n. 2, pp. v-vi. [Online] Available at: www.redalyc.org/pdf/3070/307026613004.pdf [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Sacheto, C. (2019), SP tem 42,6 mil árvores perto da rede elétrica que precisam de poda. [Online] Available at: noticias.r7.com/sao-paulo/sp-tem-426-mil-arvores-perto-da-rede-eletrica-que-precisam-de-poda-26082019 [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Secretaria Especial de Comunicação (2019), Compostagem em São Paulo transforma resíduos de feiras livres em composto orgânico. [Online] Available at: www.capital.sp.gov.br/noticia/compostagem-em-sao-paulo-transforma-residuos-de-feiras-livres-em-composto-organico [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Sevaldson, B. (2015), “Gigamaps: their role as bridging artefacts and a new Sense Sharing Mode”, in Relating Systems Thinking and Design (RSD4) 2015 Symposium, 1-3 Sep 2015, Banff, Canada, pp. 1-9. [Online] Available at: openresearch.ocadu.ca/id/eprint/2049/ [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Stahel, W. R. (2013), “Policy for material efficiency – sustainable taxation as a departure from the throwaway society”, in Philosophical transactions – Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences, vol. 371, issue 1986. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2011.0567 [Accessed 12 October 2019].

Pedro Petry’s hollow spheres, Forest Jewels Sculpture (credit: Zé Henrique Dionisio). AGATHÒN 06 | 2019
Published
2019-12-20
How to Cite
Malaguti de Sousa, C. (2019) “Waste valuing from urban wood management through design. Ideas from the case of Sãn Paulo”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 6(online), pp. 228-239. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/6222019.
Section
Design | Research & Experimentation
Share |