AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design <p><strong>AGATHÓN</strong> is an <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Open Access</span>&nbsp;Scientific International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, a half-year tool for information and critical training; it aims to contribute to the growth and dissemination of knowledge in the themes covered by Architecture, Engineering, Art and (product and visual) Design. Therefore, the Journal represents a scientific place where Authors, who have carried out original research, can find an opportunity to spread their contributions. Each issue of the Journal includes essays and research works on a specific theme, unpublished works and not submitted for publication with other publishers.<br>The Journal through its internal Board promotes and monitors the double-blind peer review process as a method of selecting articles, providing a mandatory form for reporting. The contributions will be published in English and Italian language so that they can be placed in the widest range of the international scientific communities. Founding principles of the Journal are the originality/innovation, the relevance of the investigated topic for the advancement of knowledge, the knowledge and ability to use literature, the methodological rigour, the content clarity and presentation style, the impact on the scientific community, but also the easy accessibility and the wide diffusion of the articles; furthermore, the Journal is open to speculative empirical and descriptive research, about phenomena that present new characters, at least for certain important features.</p> <p><strong>SECTIONS OF THE JOURNAL </strong>| Published articles are inserted in one of the following sections:<br>"Focus" (by invitation for well-known Authors and/or experts in the subject)<br>"Architecture" (architectural and interior design, urban planning, engineering, technology, history, recovery, restoration, exhibition and museum design, representation)<br>"Art" (modern and contemporary)<br>"Design" (for industry, crafts and communication)<br>and are classified into the following categories: "Essays &amp; Viewpoint", "Research &amp; Experimentation", "Review Articles" or "Dialogues".</p> <p>AGATHÓN publishes, both electronically and in print, two issues per year, in June and December. The first issue was published in June 2017 and since then the programmed issues have been produced regularly.</p> <p class="p1">To encourage the publication of contributions by Authors with primary affiliation to Universities and Research Institutions in countries defined by the World Bank as <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">low-income and lower-middle income economies</a>, AGATHÓN selects a maximum of two Authors to publish their contributions <span class="s1">for free</span>, subject to the positive outcome of the double-blind peer-review process.</p> en-US <p>This Journal is published under&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0</a>&nbsp;(CC-BY).<br><br><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src=""></a><br><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">License scheme</a>&nbsp;|&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Legal code</a><br><br><span style="text-decoration: underline;">This License allows anyone to</span>:<br>Share: copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.<br>Adapt: remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.<br><br><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Under the following terms</span><br>Attribution: Users must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made; users may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses them or their use.<br>No additional restrictions: Users may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.<br><br><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Notices</span><br>Users do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.<br>No warranties are given. The license may not give users all of the permissions necessary for their intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.</p> (Prof. Arch. Cesare Sposito) (Dott. Arch. PhD Francesca Scalisi | DEMETRA Ce.Ri.Med.) Thu, 30 Jun 2022 07:28:51 +0000 OJS 60 Ecosystem strategies and green infrastructures in symbiosis with the built environment Cesare Sposito Copyright (c) 2022 Cesare Sposito Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Green topologies and landscapes beyond the land. A 30-years research on green hybridization <p>New urban metabolisms and their faster anthropic status require new inter-connected environmental systems, able to encourage effective interaction between inter-and endo-urban ‘factories’ and ‘landscapes’, but a new, much more fluid and transversal ‘green’ dimension, aimed at fostering a fertile encounter between nature and the city, eco-structure and infrastructure, technology, topography and topology, interweaving the territory, reinforming its very structural fabrics and above all ‘renaturalising’, through flexible meshes, its diverse and varied pre-existences. New eco-systemic ‘city-architecture-infrastructure-landscape’ strategies are required, but also new types of spatial repertoires with more complex geometries (more flexible, elastic and organic) linked to the dynamics of a changing environment and its multi-scalar manifestations: new topographies, topologies and topomorphies (but also para-topologies) that are more hybrid because, paradoxically, they are more sensitive to nature; approaches favoured by the current eco-technological capacity to work with new responsive materials in which vegetation and all bio-active organisms would combine into new multi-scalar spatial devices, ‘networked environments’, highlighting the shift from a defensive ecology to a proactive ecology and even an increasingly techno-performative ecology.</p> Manuel Gausa Copyright (c) 2022 Manuel Gausa Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Symbiosis of greenery with built form. A holistic, systems, multi-level approach <p>Climate change is an effect of human action. It affects the balance of the planet mainly because of the ongoing growth of cities and increased consumption, which leads to the indiscriminate use of non-renewable resources. One solution for this problem is often the use of ‘nature-based solutions’. They can offer many advantages and services for humans and the ecosystem, as long as greenery – ecological per se – is not commoditised, effectively reducing biodiversity and increasing pollution levels. This paper questions the ‘unlimited’ growth model and some uses of greenery in the built form in favour of an approach based on ‘sufficiency’. Holistic and illuminating good practices and experiments in biophilic design, supported by frontier technologies, based on vernacular practices and in collaboration with local communities, are capable of looking at the big picture and tackling the climate challenge in a wider context and at different scales.</p> Francesca Scalisi, David Ness Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Scalisi, David Ness Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Symbiotic design for a resilient urban ecosystem <p>Numerous sources of scientific evidence show that we are currently facing a profoundly serious environmental emergency, mainly due to the repercussions caused by ongoing climatic changes. The climate and environmental challenges are exacerbated in cities: fragile systems faced with extreme climate events where most of the population currently lives and with a sharply increasing trend. One of the strategies with the greatest potential to contribute to the transition of cities towards a more resilient, sustainable, and healthy model is the integration of Nature-based Solutions in built-up environments if applied with clear functional objectives. For this to be possible, urban space and buildings must be imagined as living systems, that is, created based on a symbiotic relationship with nature and designed to generate a positive impact on the surrounding environment.</p> Francesca Olivieri Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Olivieri Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Systemic solutions for the holistic well-being of cities. Processes, results and reflections <p>Today, post-industrial cities can be seen as Living Labs, places to experiment with urban innovation strategies, such as Nature-based Solutions, and to regenerate the natural and man-made ecosystems. These actions require a participatory process that applies co-design tools in the context of a quadruple helix approach, ensuring the Living Lab’s long-term resilience. In this context, this contribution intends to examine the implications of the use of co-design tools, from participatory workshops to SWOT mapping, in the specific context of the case study of Mirafiori Sud, in Turin, within the European project proGIreg (2018-2023), with a focus on the co-design experience of a green wall in a public dormitory of the City of Turin.</p> Silvia Barbero, Carolina Giraldo Nohra, Cristian Campagnaro Copyright (c) 2022 Silvia Barbero, Carolina Giraldo Nohra, Cristian Campagnaro Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 From Superillas to tactical greneery. Experiments and transcalar strategies of vegetal regeneration of urban space <p>New urban action, based on the development of green areas as a strategic tool for upgrading the city from an environmental, social and cultural point of view, is at its most innovative, the result of transversal initiatives at different levels by a variety of subjects. Experimentation and policies relating to the city and its neighbourhoods interact and are enriched in their relationship with local strategies and networks of punctual micro-interventions through spontaneous, bottom-up initiatives. This paper intends to highlight how today, in the varied design of the city, there is a common thread between large-scale planning experiences (municipal metropolitan plans), those on a neighbourhood scale of the Superillas, the Ville du Quart d’Heure and those on a small scale of Tactical Greenery. The common goal of creating green infrastructure for the future will be to permeate city living spaces.</p> Emanuela Coppola, Leonardo Zaffi, Michele D’Ostuni Copyright (c) 2022 Emanuela Coppola, Leonardo Zaffi, Michele D’Ostuni Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Resilience of urban agriculture in the European context <p>The growing phenomena linked to climate change pushes cities to develop resilience plans to respond to environmental, social, and economic sustainability. Nature-based strategies can be a solution; among these, urban agriculture can increase the resilience of European urban fabrics. This activity has been the object of interest several times during crises or as a community activity with social, productive, and educational characteristics. Through a historical excursus and a subsequent analysis of contemporary case studies, the paper provides design tools for intervening in the built environment with strategies ranging from the urban to the architectural scale. The essay presents a replicable morpho-typological approach that can be applied and used by planners and policymakers to increase urban resilience.</p> Maicol Negrello, Daniele Roccaro, Kevin Santus, Isabella Spagnolo Copyright (c) 2022 Maicol Negrello, Daniele Roccaro, Kevin Santus, Isabella Spagnolo Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Designing ecology. The organic as a possible paradigm of a sustainable and resilient architecture <p>The integration of the organic dimension can be a strategy to reduce the impact of architecture on the environment and appears relevant to addressing the climate crisis. Positioning in a wider discussion on the relationship between man and nature, the paper shows how it is possible to broaden the understanding of the ecology of architecture, on the one hand, by looking at how some vernacular building techniques establish a relationship with living organic materials, on the other hand, through advanced architectural experiments that investigate the inhomogeneous nature of wood in order to integrate it into the project. The goal is to propose the inclusion of the organic dimension in architecture not only as a material issue but as a cultural paradigm shift where the building, rather than as an inert artefact, is interpreted as a piece of a broader and more complex ecology.</p> Beatrice Balducci, Francesco Camilli Copyright (c) 2022 Beatrice Balducci, Francesco Camilli Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Skyscapers and greenery. An unprecedented symbiosis <p>An appropriate use of natural resources, combined with the choice of innovative materials and the reduction of the consumption of non-renewable sources, increasingly contribute to the sustainability of skyscrapers. Italy has also witnessed the growing custom of including green elements in tall buildings, in the envelopes, at the bases, sides or interiors. The use of vegetation not only concerns new constructions, but also the redevelopment of existing towers, sometimes offering a chance even to buildings that originally lack significant value. Greenery applied to Italian skyscrapers, however, should raise questions about the actual environmental, economic and social sustainability of these design solutions, which sometimes seem to respond to mere aesthetic and ornamental requirements or marketing demands. Through the analysis of certain Italian skyscrapers characterized by the presence of greenery, this study aims to underline the potential and the importance of the use of vegetation in the tall building, an architectural type historically in contrast with natural elements, triggering a reflection on intervention criteria susceptible of application also at wider and more differentiated scales.</p> Simona Talenti, Annarita Teodosio Copyright (c) 2022 Simona Talenti, Annarita Teodosio Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Order, complexity, measure. The project between architecture and nature <p>The paper aims to show how modern technologies, including those coming from established habits – today with great possibilities – have shifted towards new building horizons with an ‘ecological conscience’, avoiding uncritically referring to nature as a salvific model, to be imitated and evoked, perhaps with formal and superficial operations. The paper contains some varied project experiences. Even though the projects start from different premises, they develop experimental solutions identifying nature as a principle to elaborate by updating its rules. Among these, we find both a prototype of urban micro-design that incorporates vegetal processes and rules its aesthetic and functional benefits, where nature is integrated into the building technique, and projects with an indigenous origin important for the implementation of the symbiosis between nature and architecture in the built environment.</p> Antonella Falzetti, Ina Macaione, Vera Autilio Copyright (c) 2022 Antonella Falzetti, Ina Macaione, Vera Autilio Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Integrated readings for the urban green roof. Expressive codes and forms of nature <p>The quality of public space requires new study paradigms: interconnected pieces of a broader urban green system can guarantee ecosystem services and liveability to spaces full of cultural meaning and social attraction. In particular, green roof gardens, by guaranteeing new connections with the context, prove to be a new strategic possibility to give value and space to nature, looking at the built city as a living system. An increasingly frequent, sometimes generative element of the language of the ‘third digital green industrial revolution’, green roof gardens have provided a compositional, formal and ornamental response to the need to save energy and reduce the consumption of materials and natural resources on a city-wide scale, as well as that of architecture, in different climatic and socio-technical contexts. This contribution intends to analyse green roof gardens as a strategic element for the overall regeneration of the urban system and as an architectural element identifying the design culture of our time.</p> Alberto Bologna, Adriana Ghersi, Stefano Melli Copyright (c) 2022 Alberto Bologna, Adriana Ghersi, Stefano Melli Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Towards a new ecology of shared living. Technological greenery and the Internet of Nature <p>The need to create eco-friendly architecture is increasingly pushing designers to uncritically integrate greenery into shared living without considering the importance of bottom-up user involvement. The combination of Internet of Things systems and digitalisation with the benefits naturally generated by greenery could, on the contrary, promote conscious and proactive participation, including in terms of its maintenance and management. The present study recalls the advantages of the hybridization between shared living and nature and proposes an articulated taxonomy of the reversed spatial environments that can be managed through an innovative Internet of Nature system, arguing how vegetation and sensors can support the ‘ecological challenge for change’, promote the construction of a renewed social identity and strengthen a sense of belonging.</p> Oscar Eugenio Bellini, Giuseppe Ruscica, Vittorio Paris Copyright (c) 2022 Oscar Eugenio Bellini, Giuseppe Ruscica, Vittorio Paris Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 On pedagogical prototyping of advanced ecological buildings and biocities at Valldaura Labs <p>Emerging designers and makers of the built environment have an outstanding responsibility and potential to mitigate and adapt to global climate change, environmental pollution, biodiversity loss, and resource depletion. This paper overviews how the Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia – Valldaura Labs (VL) educates incipient practitioners in interdisciplinary strategies for unifying the constructed and natural worlds through pedagogical prototyping and learning by living. VL is a living lab sited 10 km from Barcelona’s centre in the Collserola Natural Park, hosting the immersive Master in Advanced Ecological Buildings &amp; Biocities (MAEBB), which culminates in the annual autonomous design and fabrication of a self-sufficient building. The methods and projects of VL provide best practices of reference for realising holistically integrated ecological and technological landscapes.</p> Daniel Ibañez, Vicente Guallart, Michael Salka Copyright (c) 2022 Daniel Ibañez, Vicente Guallart, Michael Salka Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Green actions for innovative cities. The new agri-food landscape <p>The role of ecosystem services is interlinked with the growing awareness of research and development funding programmes sensitive to green infrastructure and urban greening strategies. They become one of the structural components for the ecological transition of European urban agendas, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals of Agenda 2030. Ecosystem services are a new parameter for the assessment of urban green infrastructure and re-naturalisation processes, which also aim to counteract the effects of climate change (i.e., flooding, heat islands), or to promote the conservation, resilience and biodiversity of natural habitats. Specifically, urban agriculture and community gardens play an important role, helping to secure various socio-ecological benefits on a local basis and to promote access to healthy, Zero Km sources. In order to encourage good practices within the contemporary agro-urban scenario, the contribution outlines novel ideas on circularity and recycling of waste from across the food chain from the European project Creative Food Cycles.</p> Emanuele Sommariva, Nicola Valentino Canessa, Giorgia Tucci Copyright (c) 2022 Emanuele Sommariva, Nicola Valentino Canessa, Giorgia Tucci Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Digital geocomputational technologies for the metaproject of urban green infrastructures <p>The paper presents a model to evaluate the ecological efficiency of urban green areas to support the meta-design of ‘green infrastructures’. The model was implemented with a GIS-based framework to extract ecological efficiency maps. The model was experimented in the case study area of Naples, Italy and aims to relate the different ecological capacities with the medium- and long-term heat wave impact scenarios on the population subject to energy poverty. The results of the experiment validate the model in terms of usability and replicability highlighting its added value as a support tool for decision-makers, in particular for the meta-design of green infrastructures in urban areas.</p> Valeria D’Ambrosio, Ferdinando Di Martino, Marina Rigillo Copyright (c) 2022 Valeria D’Ambrosio, Ferdinando Di Martino, Marina Rigillo Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Urban micro-forestry for climate adaptation in the smaller ports of the mid-Adriatic sea <p>The article describes a research work aimed at identifying tools to support the activation and environmental regeneration of the open space of the ports in the mid-Adriatic area, an area with untapped potential, though there are significant criticalities. Starting from a set of data taken from the INTERREG Italy-Croatia Joint_SECAP project and, in particular, from the risks and climatic vulnerabilities of the Italian mid-Adriatic city, the contribution presents hypotheses for the light transformation of a part of the port infrastructure through urban micro-forestry interventions. The methodological approach uses simulation tools with a parametric platform that generates proprietary algorithms and allows recursive control over every aspect of the process.</p> Roberta Cocci Grifoni, Timothy D. Brownlee, Graziano Enzo Marchesani, Maria Federica Ottone Copyright (c) 2022 Roberta Cocci Grifoni, Timothy D. Brownlee, Graziano Enzo Marchesani, Maria Federica Ottone Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Urban greeen areas in the reduction of cooling loads. Simulations in the Mediterranean climate <p>The fight against climate change and the right use of soil are two challenges on a global scale. The urbanization and the progressive reduction of green areas and permeable surfaces in urban settlements are amplifying some phenomena such as the increase of frequency and intensity of heatwaves and the annual average temperature, causing the growth of building energy demand. The paper examines the energy-saving potential that can be obtained by planting trees in outdoor spaces available around buildings for different urban frameworks in the Mediterranean climate. The data coming from the simulations, referred to residential sectors, expand the knowledge about the energy-environmental benefits of Green Infrastructures and are useful to guide sustainable practices of urban regeneration.</p> Carola Clemente, Massimo Palme, Anna Mangiatordi, Daniele La Rosa, Riccardo Privitera Copyright (c) 2022 Carola Clemente, Massimo Palme, Anna Mangiatordi, Daniele La Rosa, Riccardo Privitera Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Green stormwater infrastructures research through design. Method notes from a case study <p>Understanding the interrelations between natural and built environments is at the base of the reconfiguration criteria of man-made areas. Starting from the results of a research project on the requalification of urban outdoor spaces in a rational comprehensive city pilot case, the implementation of green stormwater infrastructures was tested, considering a section of the hydrographic network. The method hereby presented evaluates the benefits caused by nature-based solutions, formulating a research through design project to compare the performance of the vegetation based on analyses carried out at different scales. The investigation of the relations among the considered environmental parameters contributes to innovating the environmental requalification approach.</p> Renata Valente, Salvatore Losco, Roberto Bosco, Savino Giacobbe Copyright (c) 2022 Renata Valente, Salvatore Losco, Roberto Bosco, Savino Giacobbe Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Green solutions for removing and storing carbon in urban districts <p>This paper presents the research developments arising from the study of more than 100 tree and shrub species present in the Mediterranean basin according to their carbon absorption and storage capacities, defining an overview of use for parties active in the sector. The introduction of specific taxonomic storage indices defines the experimental phase performed in a public housing neighbourhood in Rome, illustrating a proposed urban reforestation project integrated with the overall one for regenerating the entire area of Italy’s Capital. The issue is of great scientific importance in light of the national and European strategies and policies contained respectively in the National Recovery Plan and the proposed New EU Forest Strategy – Fit for 55, currently pending in the European Parliament.</p> Fabrizio Tucci, Marco Giampaoletti Copyright (c) 2022 Fabrizio Tucci, Marco Giampaoletti Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Open repertoires for instructing ecological urban systems. Graphic tools and green transition <p>This contribution aims to explore methodologies and techniques for implementing the reduction and mitigation of ecosystem and biodiversity impacts through training and communication tools for adequate understanding by heterogeneous and multidisciplinary audiences. The proposed topic is part of broader research started a few years ago that addresses the concepts of resilience, quality and well-being in cities; particular attention is now given to those ‘nature-based’ solutions that can be usefully adopted in the built environment to occupy land ecologically and to implement adaptation and capacity-building measures in cities. The use of information modelling is explored to set up an interactive training support environment for the project, which can be operated with multiple keys.</p> Maurizio Marco Bocconcino, Mariapaola Vozzola Copyright (c) 2022 Maurizio Marco Bocconcino, Mariapaola Vozzola Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Renaturing historical centres. The role of private space in Milan's green infrastrucutres <p>The symbiosis between vegetation and the built environment in the context of the historic city poses questions and challenges that require a multidisciplinary approach. Today, Urban Green Infrastructure strategies exclude historic centres, where density, preservation constraints, and morphological complexities make it infeasible to apply standardized greening processes focused exclusively on public space. This study aims to provide an assessment of the solutions that are most compatible with historical areas and a methodology to develop green strategies that respect the cultural peculiarities of each context, reconciling the objectives of regeneration with those of cultural heritage enhancement. The ecological potential offered by private spaces is discussed based on the in-depth analysis of the case study focusing on the city of Milan.</p> Julia Nerantzia Tzortzi, Maria Stella Lux Copyright (c) 2022 Julia Nerantzia Tzortzi, Maria Stella Lux Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Ecolopes, beyond greening. A multi-species approach for urban design <p>Urbanisation, due to its contribution to climate change and loss of biodiversity, damages ecosystems, thereby affecting human health and well-being. Current urban and architectural design approaches, that aim to reduce the environmental impact of buildings, include, among other strategies, the integration of greening systems but focusing primarily on the potential benefits for humans. Other organisms such as animals and microbiota and the self-dynamic development of plant communities, which could play a central role in increasing biodiversity, are not considered in the planning process. This paper describes how the ECOLOPES project overcomes this strictly anthropocentric view, developing a systematic design approach for architecture in a multi-species perspective to create regenerative urban ecosystems.</p> Maria Canepa, Francesca Mosca , Shany Barath, Alexandre Changenet, Thomas E. Hauck, Ferdinand Ludwig , Enrica Roccotiello, Marta Pianta, Surayyn Uthaya Selvan, Verena Vogler, Katia Perini Copyright (c) 2022 Maria Canepa, Francesca Mosca , Shany Barath, Alexandre Changenet, Thomas E. Hauck, Ferdinand Ludwig , Enrica Roccotiello, Marta Pianta, Surayyn Uthaya Selvan, Verena Vogler, Katia Perini Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Environmental analysis and ecosystemic design. Survey, critical issues and application solutions <p>Fragmentation, environmental degradation, and habitat loss, due to urbanization and the consequent development of infrastructure, put a great deal of pressure on biological diversity and the functioning of ecosystems. In the coming decades, the ecological footprint of urban areas is set to increase, exacerbating the effect of climate change. In this context, urban development projects represent an excellent opportunity to experiment and implement new solutions which promote biodiversity. This work investigates, on the one hand, how aware designers are of solutions that aim to support biodiversity, and on the other hand, how spatial analysis and the adoption of parametric procedures can optimize cooperation between ecologists and designers from the early design stages.</p> Chiara Catalano, Andrea Balducci Copyright (c) 2022 Chiara Catalano, Andrea Balducci Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Low-maintenance subtropical green roofs. Spontaneous vegetation and substrate deph <p>Spontaneous and ruderal plants can be the key to a low-cost, low-maintenance urban Green Infrastructure that can adapt to the local climate context. In addition to providing a wide range of Ecosystem Services, such species can survive in environments altered by humans and withstand conditions adverse to them, such as water scarcity and shallow substrate. The paper aims to systematically identify the effects exerted by substrate depth during the first months of vegetation growth using the Point-Intercept method in low-maintenance extensive green roofs. Contrary to previous research focusing on vegetation growth in temperate climates, experimentation in a humid subtropical climate can help to fill a gap by assessing the long-term potential of roofs with heterogeneous spontaneous species establishment to improve urban ecology and its natural regeneration.</p> Brenda Chaves Coelho Leite, Lucas Gobatti, Isabela Gamba Huttenlocher Copyright (c) 2022 Brenda Chaves Coelho Leite, Lucas Gobatti, Isabela Gamba Huttenlocher Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Botanical concrete. Experimentation on concrete substrates for vertical greening <p>Botanical Concrete collaboratively investigates a fundamentally new approach to wall-based vertical greening systems, based on design thinking, materials research and phytotechnology, to functionalize concrete and allow the permanent establishment of cryptogams and tracheophytes on its surface, two species with different substrate demands requiring two different sets of parameters for functionalisation. Combining the results of research into cryptogams and tracheophytes produces a novel, resource-conserving approach to vertical greening, able to take advantage of the impermeable surfaces commonly found in built space to establish vegetation, improve local microclimates, increase urban biodiversity, and create new biotopes.</p> Lucas Büscher, Roman Polster, Heike Klussmann Copyright (c) 2022 Lucas Büscher, Roman Polster, Heike Klussmann Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Natural and artificial interaction. Symbiotic processes between science, art and design <p>The contribution will focus on how the concept of ‘living’ in the contemporary vision of design, with regard to vegetation, influences design culture, a concept constantly faced with the environmental context through practices of imitation of the logic of natural world interpretation of its evolutionary dynamics, the transformation of its elements and, more recently, with activities that investigate the fragile relationship and coexistence with man, to raise awareness of conscious behaviour. The interpretation of the projects will highlight the visions of contemporary design on the links between the anthropic world and the plant and animal world and will investigate design scenarios aimed at prefiguring possible worlds. Critical reflections will connect to the interdisciplinary New European Bauhaus initiative, which contemplates new synergies between natural and cultural, social inclusion, science and technology.</p> Federica Dal Falco, Rosanna Veneziano, Michela Carlomagno Copyright (c) 2022 Federica Dal Falco, Rosanna Veneziano, Michela Carlomagno Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Design-driven innovation of bio-based circular materials. Design strategies and skills <p>In recent years, design has turned its attention towards the Circular Economy where material issues are central. More and more companies and designers are turning their research towards ‘circular materials’ from the recycling of ‘technical materials’ or created from an organic base of processing/production or consumption waste and reintegrated into the biological cycle. The paper, focused on ‘bio-based circular materials’, presents the first phase of a research in progress, with the aim of mapping and systematising the strategies used for the conception, development, design, production and distribution of new materials and related products.</p> Marinella Ferrara, Alessandro Squatrito Copyright (c) 2022 Marinella Ferrara, Alessandro Squatrito Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000