BIM and Collaborative Practices. Expertise and Skills from the Digital Environment


  • Maria Antonietta Esposito University of Firenze
  • Alessandra Donato University of Firenze
  • Filippo Bosi University of Firenze



building information modeling, sustainability, Lean BIM, soft skills, collaborative practices


The digital management of the construction process is required for sustainability. It imposes the definition of new roles and responsibilities and – consequently – makes it necessary to introduce new professional figures that are able to perform specific organizational and management tasks and functions in the scope of BIM process management. The contribution offers food for thought on the transversal and digital skills (soft skills) required by these professional figures on the basis of a critical analysis of examples reported in the literature, experiences and changes triggered by the adoption of the BIM methodology with respect to new activities, knowledge, skills, roles and responsibilities related to the professional figure.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Metrics Graph

Author Biographies

Maria Antonietta Esposito, University of Firenze

Architect and PhD, she is Professor of Project Management and Technology; gold medal for research at PUT (Poznan University of Technology), she directs the research of TxP at the Department of Architecture, unit specialized in the design of Airports; she is the scientific coordinator of international agreements with India and Canada; she directs the ABC (Airport Booklets Collection) for Dida Press and the DOTTA doctoral series for Firenze University Press; she was the scientific director of the network of doctoral students in the OSDOTTA sector.

Alessandra Donato, University of Firenze

Engineer and PhD in Architectural Technology, she is Research Fellow at the Department of Architecture. She carries out research on the Environmental Sustainability and Energy Saving of Buildings, in national and international context.

Filippo Bosi, University of Firenze

Architect and PhD in Architectural Technology, he is a Teaching Fellow and international expert in Lean Design. He is oriented to the innovation of the project production processes and works in airport design at Toscana Aeroporti Spa and in research as a TxP-R consultant.


Aziz, R. and Hafez, S. (2013), “Applying lean thinking in construction and performance improvement”, in Alexandria Engineering Journal, vol. 52, pp. 679-695.

Bosi, F. (2016), Airport Lean Integration (ALI), Doctoral Research, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Architettura, Firenze.

Davies, K., McMeel, D. and Wilkinson, S. (2015), “Soft skill requirements in a BIM project team”, in Beetz, J., van Berlo, L., Hartmann, T. and Amor, R. (eds), Proceedings of the 32nd CIB W78 Conference, October 27th-29th 2015, Eindhoven, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands, pp. 108-117. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16 March 2019].

Diaz, J. and Anton, L. A. (2014), “Sustainable Construction Approach through Interaction of LCA and BIM tools”, in Hajdu, M. and Skibniewski, M. J. (eds), Procedia Engineering | Selected papers from the Computing in Civil and Building Engineering 2014, vol. 85, pp. 283-290.

Eleftheriadis, S., Greening, P. D. and Mumovic, D. (2017), “Life cycle energy efficiency in building structures: A review of current developments and future outlooks based on BIM capabilities”, in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 67, pp. 811-825.

Esposito, M. A, Bosi, F. and Sacks, R. (2018), “Lean-driven Terminal Operation Design”, in González, V. A. (ed.), Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction – Evolving Lean Construction Towards Mature Production Management across Cultures and Frontiers, Chennai, India, 16-22 July 2018, International Group for Lean Construction, IIT Madras Chennai, India, vol. 1, pp. 593-602. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16 March 16 2019].

Esposito, M. A. (2018), “Il piano di esecuzione del BIM negli aeroporti | BIM Executive Plan in Airports”, in Esposito, M. A. and Bosi, F. (eds), Tecnologie del Progetto di Architettura – Rimodellazione di progetto e fabbricazione, Didapress, Firenze, pp. 39-78.

Eurostat (2018), Digital Transformation Scoreboard 2018 EU businesses go digital: Opportunities, outcomes and uptake, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. [Online] Available at: 20 Scoreboard%202018_0.pdf [Accessed 29 April 2019].

Gandhi, P., Khanna, S. and Ramaswamy, S. (2016), Which Industries Are the Most Digital (and Why)?, Harvard Business Review. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 29 April 2019].

Howell, G. A. (1999), “What Is Lean Construction. 1999”, in 7th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, Berkeley, USA, 26-28 July 1999, IGLC, Berkeley. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16 March 2019].

ISTAT – Istituto Nazionale di Statistica (2018), Rapporto sulla competitività dei settori produttivi, Istat, Roma.

Kpamma, Z. E., Nsia, E. A. and Agyema, S. (2014), “How Aligned Is the Competency-Based Training Model with the Lean Philosophy?”, in Kalsaas, B. T., Koskela, L. and Saurin, T. A. (eds), 22nd Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, Oslo, Norway, 25-27 June 2014, IGLC, Oslo, pp. 1233-1244. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16 March 2019].

Manyika, J., Ramaswamy, S., Khanna, S., Sarrazin, H., Pinkus, G., Sethupathy, G. and Yaffe, A. (2015), Digital America – The Tale of the haves and the have-mores. December 2015. Highlights. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16 March 2019].

Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare (2017), DM 11 ottobre 2017 – Criteri ambientali minimi per l’affidamento di servizi di progettazione e lavori per la nuova costruzione, ristrutturazione e manutenzione di edifici pubblici, in G.U. n. 259 del 6 novembre 2017.

Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico (2019), Piano Nazionale Impresa 4.0. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 29 April 2019].

Mossman, A. (2015), “Bringing lean construction to life: Developing leaders, consultants, coaches, facilitators, trainers and instructors”, in 23rd Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, IGLC, Perth, Australia, pp. 413-423. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 18 March 2019].

Ohno, T. (1988), Toyota Production System – Beyond Large.Scale Production, Productivity Press, London, UK.

Rybkowski, Z. K., Abdelhamid, S. T. and Forbes, L. H. (2013), “On the Back of a Cocktail Napkin: An Exploration of Graphical Definitions of Lean Construction”, in 21st Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, IGLC, Fortaleza, Brazil. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16 March 2019].

Sacks, R., Koskela, L. J., Dave, B. and Owen, R. (2010), “The interaction of lean and building information modeling in construction”, in Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 136, issue 9, pp. 968-980.

Santorella, G. (2011), Lean culture for the construction industry – building responsible and committed project teams, CRC Press and Taylor & Francis Group, BocaRaton.

Shah, R. and Ward, P. T. (2007), “Defining and developing measures of lean production”, in Journal of Operations Management, vol. 25, issue 4, pp. 785-805.

Succar, B., Sher, W. and WIlliams, A. (2013), “An integrated approach to BIM competency assessment, acquisition and application”, in Automation in Construction, vol. 35, pp.174-189.

Womack, J. and Jones, D. (2003), Lean thinking – Banish waste and create wealth in your corporation, Free Press, New York.

Zhao, D., McCoy, A. P., Bulbul, T., Fiori, C. and Nikkhoo, P. (2015), “Building collaborative construction skills through BIM-integrated learning environment”, in International Journal of Construction Education and Research, vol. 11, pp. 1-24.

San Diego International Airport’s Terminal 2 (credit: HNtb Architecture). agathón




How to Cite

Esposito, M. A., Donato, A. and Bosi, F. (2019) “BIM and Collaborative Practices. Expertise and Skills from the Digital Environment”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 5(online), pp. 51–58. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/562019.



Architecture | Essays & Viewpoint