Skyscapers and greenery. An unprecedented symbiosis

  • Simona Talenti University of Salerno (Italy)
  • Annarita Teodosio University of Salerno (Italy)
Keywords: Italian skyscrapers, sustainability, vegetation, green wall, roof garden

Abstract

An appropriate use of natural resources, combined with the choice of innovative materials and the reduction of the consumption of non-renewable sources, increasingly contribute to the sustainability of skyscrapers. Italy has also witnessed the growing custom of including green elements in tall buildings, in the envelopes, at the bases, sides or interiors. The use of vegetation not only concerns new constructions, but also the redevelopment of existing towers, sometimes offering a chance even to buildings that originally lack significant value. Greenery applied to Italian skyscrapers, however, should raise questions about the actual environmental, economic and social sustainability of these design solutions, which sometimes seem to respond to mere aesthetic and ornamental requirements or marketing demands. Through the analysis of certain Italian skyscrapers characterized by the presence of greenery, this study aims to underline the potential and the importance of the use of vegetation in the tall building, an architectural type historically in contrast with natural elements, triggering a reflection on intervention criteria susceptible of application also at wider and more differentiated scales.

Author Biographies

Simona Talenti, University of Salerno (Italy)

Architect and PhD, she is an Associate Professor of History of Architecture at the Department of Civil Engineering. She carries out research activities mainly in the field of modern and contemporary architectural history and has participated in numerous international conferences.
E-mail: stalenti@unisa.it

Annarita Teodosio, University of Salerno (Italy)

Architect and PhD, she is a Research Fellow and Adjunct Professor of History of Architecture at the Department of Civil Engineering. She carries out research activities in the field of history of architecture and urbanism and has been responsible for the organization of several exhibitions, conferences and seminars.
E-mail: ateodosio@unisa.it

References

Aimar, F. (2016), “Patrick Blanc – Io botanico, so cosa fare con le piante (gli architetti no)”, in Teckoring, 28/01/2016. [Online] Available at: teknoring.com/news/progettazione/patrick-blanc-io-botanico-so-cosa-fare-con-le-piante-gli-architetti-no/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Al-Kodmany, K. (2015), Eco-Towers – Sustainable Cities in the Sky, WIT Press, Southampton.

Arsuffi, R. (2017), “Milano | Porta Nuova – Torre Unipol – Novità sul verde nella torre”, in Urbanfile, 28/06/2017. [Online] Available at: blog.urbanfile.org/2017/06/28/milano-porta-nuova-torre-unipol-novita-sul-verde-nella-torre/ [Accessed 12 April 2022].

Baggio, M. (2018), “23 piani di verde”, in Il Giardiniere, n. 12, pp. 22-25. [Online] Available at: issuu.com/edizionilaboratorioverde/docs/012_il_giardiniere_short_lowdef [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Barletta, M. (2021), “Torre botanica e ponte-serra per Pirelli 39 – Svelato il progetto di Stefano Boeri Architetti-Diller Scofidio+Renfro”, in Professione Architetto, 28/01/2021. [Online] Available at: professionearchitetto.it/news/notizie/28351/Torre-botanica-e-ponte-serra-per-Pirelli-39-svelato-il-progetto-di-Boeri-Diller [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Belleri, D. (2012), “I segreti del Bosco Verticale – L’intervista a Laura Gatti, paesaggista curatrice del verde che rivestirà i futuristici grattacieli”, in Living | Corriere della Sera, 03/07/2012. [Online] Available at: living.corriere.it/architettura/intervista-bosco-verticale-milano-40795935295/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Bellini, O. E. and Mocchi, M. (2017), “Paesaggi Urbani in Quota – Il Verde come Culto contemporaneo | Urban green Landscapes – The Green as contemporary Cult”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 2, pp. 95-100. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/2132017 [Accessed 20 April 2022].

Blanc, P. (2008), Le mur végétal – De la nature à la ville, M. Lafon, Neuilly-sur-Seine.

Bozzola, E. (2011), “Il Bosco Verticale di Milano – Il progetto sostenibile di Boeri”, in Architettura Ecosostenibile, 02/11/2011. [Online] Available at: architetturaecosostenibile.it/architettura/progetti/bosco-verticale-milano-progetto-sostenibile-boeri-387 [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Comino, E., Molari, M. and Dominici, L. (2021), “La città che invita la natura – Progettare in collaborazione con il verde verticale | City that embraces nature – Designing with vertical greenery”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 9, pp. 112-123. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/9112021 [Accessed 20 April 2022].

Coppa, A. (2021), “Paolo Asti brings the historic Torre Tirrena in Piazza Liberty, Milan, back to life”, in Domus web, 25/01/2021. [Online] Available at: domusweb.it/en/architecture/gallery/2021/01/25/paolo-asti-brings-the-historic-tirrena-tower-in-piazza-liberty-milan-back-to-life.html [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Coppa, A. and Tenconi, L. (eds) (2015), Grattanuvole – Un secolo di grattacieli a Milano, Maggioli, Santarcangelo di Romagna.

Del Curto, D. (2015), “La Torre Galfa di Milano – Cosa resta del Novecento”, in Ananke, n. 75, pp. 107-115.

Egg, A. L. (1998), “Commerzbank-gratte-ciel écologique”, in Architecture Intérieure Créé, n. 284, pp. 86-91.

Gemme, A. (2021), “Il nuovo Bosco Verticale di Milano che sorgerà sul Naviglio”, in Milano today, 10/04/2021. [Online] Available at: milanotoday.it/attualita/nuovo-bosco-verticale-2021-.html [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Ghiacci, S. (2013), “Klima Hotel Milano Fiere – Focus Green”, in arketipomagazine.it, 06/06/2013. [Online] Available at: arketipomagazine.it/klima-hotel-milano-fiere-focus-green/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Giacomella, E. and Valagussa, M. (2015), Vertical greenery – Evaluation the High-Rise Vegetation of the Bosco Verticale, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, Chicago. [Online] Available at: store.ctbuh.org/index.php?controller=attachment&id_attachment=32 [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Giovanna, F. (2018), “Torre Bonnet – Nuovo smart building nello skyline milanese”, in Architettura Ecosostenibile, 01/10/2018. [Online] Available at: architetturaecosostenibile.it/architettura/progetti/torre-bonnet-smart-building-165 [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Jakob, M. (2020), “Grattacieli e Giardini”, in Doppiozero, 09/09/2020. [Online] Available at: doppiozero.com/rubriche/7055/202009/grattacieli-e-giardini [Accessed 22 March 2022]

Lombardini22 (2017), “In verticale – La nuova Torre Sassetti”, in Ingenio, 07/12/2017. [Online] Available at: ingenio-web.it/18444-in-verticale-la-nuova-torre-sassetti [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Marcomin, F. (2021), “Il progetto di un bosco verticale nella periferia di Milano”, in milanocittastato.it, 17/07/2021. [Online] Available at: milanocittastato.it/real-estate/il-progetto-di-bosco-verticale-nella-periferia-di-milano/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Mario Cucinella Architects (2017), “Un progetto di massima efficienza per la nuova sede del Gruppo Unipol”, in Ingenio, 24/07/2017. [Online] Available at: ingenio-web.it/6962-mario-cucinella-architects-un-progetto-di-massima-efficienza-per-la-nuova-sede-del-gruppo-unipol [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Marzullo, B. (2017), “Il Bosco Verticale va in Cina – A Nanchino il primo grattacielo verde, progettato da Stefano Boeri Architetti”, in Living | Corriere della Sera, 02//02/2017. [Online] Available at: living.corriere.it/architettura/il-bosco-verticale-va-in-cina/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Masera, G. (2010), “Torri Garibaldi a Milano – Risanamento conservativo con impianti ad alta efficienza energetica”, in I Quaderni di Edilio, vol. 13, pp. 7-15. [Online] Available at: issuu.com/edilio/docs/quaderno13_efficienza [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Menaldo, P. (2014), “Premiato il Bosco Verticale – È il grattacielo più bello del mondo – Le due torri green disegnate da Boeri Studio vincono l’International Highrise Award 2014”, in Living | Corriere della Sera, 19/11/2014. [Online] Available at: living.corriere.it/architettura/bosco-verticale-milano-international-highrise-award-2014-50122786199/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Mezzi, P. (n.d.), “La Torre Parko di Saronno di Park Associati”, in infobuild. [Online] Available at: infobuild.it/progetti/torre-parko-saronno-park-associati/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Milan, L. (2021), “Stefano Boeri per il Pirellino – Protagonisti della rigenerazione urbana di Milano Porta Nuova”, in teknoring, 12/02/2021. [Online] Available at: teknoring.com/news/green-building/stefano-boeri-pirellino-rigenerazione-urbana-milano/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Modulo Board (2018), “Una nuova vita per la Torre Galfa”, in Modulo, n. 411, pp. 10-13.

Piano, R. and Rolando, A. (2017), Il grattacielo Intesa Sanpaolo, Antiga Edizioni, Crocetta del Montello.

Pomeroy, J. (2013), The Skycourt and skygarden – Greening the urban habitat, Routledge, London.

Purini, F. and Thermes, L. (2006), “Torre Eurosky”, in Area, 86, pp. 144-149.

Rossin, M. (2019), “Monza – Ecco il piccolo Bosco verticale di Stefano Boeri per l’area di via Foscolo”, in Il Cittadino, 29/03/2019. [Online] Available at: ilcittadinomb.it/stories/Cronaca/monza-ecco-il-piccolo-bosco-verticale-di-stefano-boeri-per-larea-di-via-foscol_1306673_11/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Sarfatti, M. (2020), “Giardini verticali e facciate verdi – È la ‘Treetopia’ utopia delle città costruite intorno alle piante”, in Corriere della Sera, 24/05/2020. [Online] Available at: corriere.it/pianeta2020/20_maggio_24/giardini-verticali-facciate-verdi-treetopia-utopia-citta-costruite-intorno-piante-6e905df0-9d10-11ea-a31e-977f755d9d62.shtml [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Savelli, F. (2021), “Torre Velasca riparte con Milano – Si alza il velo sul primo restyling del grattacielo”, in Corriere della Sera, 22/06/2021. [Online] Available at: corriere.it/economia/casa/21_giugno_22/torre-velasca-riparte-milano-si-alza-velo-primo-restyling-grattacielo-a9cf29a4-d2b7-11eb-9207-8df97caf9553.shtml [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Scalco, C. (2017), “Hotel VIU Milan – Arassociati”, in arketipomagazine.it, 23/06/2017. [Online] Available at: arketipomagazine.it/hotel-viu-milan-arassociati/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Scalisi, F. (2021), “Adaptive facade and Phase Change Materials (PCMs) – A Sustainable approach for building construction”, in Scalisi, F. (ed.), From mega to nano – The complexity of a multiscalar approach, Palermo University Press, Palermo, pp. 44-69. [Online] Available at: unipapress.com/adaptive-facade-and-phase-change-materials-pcms-a-sustainable-approach-for-building-construction/ [Accessed 20 April 2022].

Simson, A. (2020), “The urban forest of the future – How to turn our cities into Treetopias”, in The Conversation, 21/04/2020. [Online] Available at: theconversation.com/the-urban-forest-of-the-future-how-to-turn-our-cities-into-treetopias-134624 [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Stefano Boeri Architetti (n.d.), “Trudo Vertical Forest”, in stefanoboeriarchitetti.net. [Online] Available at: stefanoboeriarchitetti.net/en/project/trudo-vertical-forest/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Talignani, G. (2021), “Il bosco verticale non fa il grattacielo ‘green’, la città sostenibile ha case basse”, in La Repubblica, 30/08/2021. [Online] Available at: repubblica.it/green-and-blue/2021/08/30/news/meglio_la_villetta_ del_grattacielo_se_la_citta_e_densamente_popolata-315867877/ [Accessed 22 March 2022].

Wood, A. and Henry, S. (eds) (2016), Best Tall Buildings – A global overview of 2016 skyscrapers, CTBUH, The images Publishing Group, Chicago.

Zaffi, L. and D’Ostuni, M. (2020), “Città metaboliche del futuro – Fra Agricoltura e Architettura | Metabolic cities of the future – Between Agriculture and Architecture”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 8, pp. 82-93. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/882020 [Accessed 20 April 2022].

Zappa, G. (n.d.), Il Bosco Verticale – Da Milano un’utopia concreta per il mondo”, in infrajournal.com. [Online] Available at: infrajournal.com/it/w/il-bosco-verticale-da-milano-un-utopia-concreta-per-il-mondo [Accessed 22 March 2022].

The Three Vertical Woods project in the former industrial area of Viale Foscolo in Monza, designed by Stefano Boeri, 2021 (source: milano.corriere.it, 2022) – AGATHÓN 11_2022
Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
Talenti, S. and Teodosio, A. (2022) “Skyscapers and greenery. An unprecedented symbiosis”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 11(online), pp. 94-103. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/1182022.
Section
Architecture | Essays & Viewpoint
Share |