Human-made. Waste as a resource for urban regeneration in Jabal al Jofeh refugee camp


  • Noor Marji Czech Technical University in Prague (Czech Republic)
  • Janset Shawash German Jordanian University (Jordan)
  • Narmeen Marji German Jordanian University (Jordan)



urban regeneration, solid waste recycling, social integration, Jabal al Jofeh, refugee camp


The paper deals with the use of waste as a resource for urban regeneration and social integration of marginalised communities in Amman (Jordan) through the case study of the Jabal al Jofeh refugee camp, a poor ‘informal’ area with a Palestinian refugee population characterised by high crime, unemployment and poverty rates. The proposed Urban Regeneration Plan focuses on the use and reuse of accumulated waste as construction material and on the creation of a neighbourhood network for the collection, sorting and recycling of waste and its transformation into saleable products that generate income for the community. The vulnerable area of the camp is thus transformed into an active connection with the culturally rich historic centre of Amman through a human-centred approach to urban design and planning, creating a sustainable micro-economy with people as its main resource.


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Author Biographies

Noor Marji, Czech Technical University in Prague (Czech Republic)

Architect, Urban Planner, and PhD Candidate. She specializes in urban regeneration, post-war urban reconstruction, conflict resolution and development of vulnerable communities in Middle Eastern countries.

Janset Shawash, German Jordanian University (Jordan)

Architect and PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the School of Architecture and Built Environment. Her research interests focus on history and theory of architecture, urban planning and design, especially issues relevant to localizing urbanism and promoting community involvement in shaping their urban environment. Her professional expertise includes planning of major urban development projects in Jordan and the MENA region.

Narmeen Marji, German Jordanian University (Jordan)

Architect, specializing in Augmented Reality Development and cross-platform application building for Architecture, Urban Planning and Design. She holds a Spatial Planning Master’s degree.


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Visualizations of rehabilitated community spaces illustrating the use of recycled and reused materials (credit: N. Marji, J. Shawash and N. Marji, 2021). AGATHÓN 09 | 2021




How to Cite

Marji, N., Shawash, J. and Marji, N. (2021) “Human-made. Waste as a resource for urban regeneration in Jabal al Jofeh refugee camp”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 9(online), pp. 134–145. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/9132021.



Architecture | Research & Experimentation