Fighting against depopulation in inland Spain. Alternatives from Art, Design and Architecture

  • José-Luis Baró Zarzo Universitat Politècnica de València
  • Javier Poyatos Sebastián Universitat Politècnica de València
  • Nydia Martínez Martínez Universitat Politècnica de València
Keywords: rural exodus, rural heritage, land and environmental art, modern architecture, rural urbanism

Abstract

The First Industrial Revolution brought about a mass influx of labour force to the cities from the countryside. In Spain, this migratory phenomenon accelerated during the period of development of the 1960s and continues to this day. Unless this is remedied many more villages will disappear in the coming decades, adding to the many deserted areas found in ‘empty Spain’. Many attempts, albeit half-hearted, have been made to reverse or at least put a stop to this territorial imbalance through economic policies such as support of agricultural activities, funding of entrepreneurship, and restoration of cultural heritage for the promotion of rural tourism. There is also an extensive range of imaginative popular initiatives for the repopulation of these municipalities, appealing especially to young people. This context serves as the starting point for this paper which focuses on the analysis of different strategies for the regeneration and survival of depressed rural villages based on architectural, urban, and artistic approaches in the areas of inland Spain.

Author Biographies

José-Luis Baró Zarzo, Universitat Politècnica de València

Architect and PhD, he is a Professor at the Department of Architectural Composition. Organizing Member of the Ibero-American Congress of Sustainable City, Valencia 2019, he is a Member of the research group Innovation and Excellence in the Configuration of Human Environments.
E-mail: jobazar@cpa.upv.es

Javier Poyatos Sebastián, Universitat Politècnica de València

Architect and PhD, he is a Full Professor and Director of the Department of Architectural Composition. He has been Director of the Ibero-American Congress of Sustainable City, Valencia 2019, and is now the Director of the Research Group Innovation and Excellence in the Configuration of Human Environments.
E-mail: jpoyatos@cpa.upv.es

Nydia Martínez Martínez, Universitat Politècnica de València

Architect, she holds a degree focused on the problem of depopulation in large Spanish inland areas.
E-mail: nymarmar@arq.upv.es

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Published
2020-12-27
How to Cite
Baró Zarzo, J.-L., Poyatos Sebastián, J. and Martínez Martínez, N. (2020) “Fighting against depopulation in inland Spain. Alternatives from Art, Design and Architecture”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 8(online), pp. 138-147. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/8132020.
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